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Headword: *pro/cenos
Adler number: pi,2540
Translated headword: proxenos
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning a] champion/spokesman. "And you join in finding him out, so that you may have thanks for this as well as for that, o proxenos."[1]
Also [sc. attested in the plural] proxenoi, [meaning] the champions/spokesmen of the cities and [their] curators and receivers with acts of guest-friendship.[2]
Proxenoi is what they used to call the men appointed to receive foreigners arriving from other cities.[3]
Greek Original:
*pro/cenos: o( prosta/ths. kai\ su\ cune/ceur' au)to/n, w(s a)\n th\n xa/rin au)th/n te ka)kei/nhn e)/xh|s, w)= pro/cene. kai\ *pro/cenoi, oi( prosta/tai tw=n po/lewn kai\ frontistai\ kai\ ceni/ais u(podexo/menoi. *proce/nous e)ka/loun tou\s tetagme/nous ei)s to\ u(pode/xesqai tou\s ce/nous tou\s e)c a)/llwn po/lewn h(/kontas.
See already pi 2538, pi 2539, and again pi 2541.
[1] Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae 601-2, with scholion.
[2] From glosses on Herodotus 6.57.2, where the Ionic accusative plural procei/nous occurs.
[3] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Birds 1021, where the question 'where [are the] proxenoi?' occurs.
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; ethics; historiography; law
Translated by: David Whitehead on 15 March 2010@04:24:47.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 5 May 2010@01:28:36.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 5 May 2010@03:29:58.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 25 November 2011@06:41:12.
David Whitehead on 16 October 2013@07:44:27.


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