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Headword: *prhne/s
Adler number: pi,2263
Translated headword: face-down, headlong, prone
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] on [the] face.[1] Also [sc. attested is the form] prhnh/s.[2]
Greek Original:
*prhne/s: e)pi\ pro/swpon. kai\ *prhnh/s.
Notes:
The headword is an epic/Ionic adjective in the neuter nominative/vocative/accusative singular; see generally LSJ s.v. pranh/s, -e/s (the Attic form). It is probably extracted from its first attestation: Homer, Iliad 2.414 (web address 1), where Agamemnon prays that Zeus allow him to cast [spears or lighted missiles, presumably] headlong down Priam's halls, to set the gates afire, and to slay Hector, while felling his Trojan comrades nearby, face-down in the dust. Here Agamemnon invokes the headword again, this second time literally, but in the masculine plural form, prhne/es (see next note); cf. pi 2266, also generated from these same verses.
[1] The headword is identically glossed in Photius' Lexicon (pi1158 Theodoridis), Lexica Segueriana 347.31, and the Synagoge. Also see Hesychius s.v.; Etymologicum Magnum 687.21 (Kallierges); Apollonius, Homeric Lexicon 134.28. Adler also cites Lexicon Ambrosianum 1117. The D scholia to Homer, Iliad 2.418 (web address 1), give this gloss to the headword's nominative plural form (see previous note).
[2] This masculine and feminine form of the headword, common to several Greek dialects, is given the above gloss by ps.-Herodian Partitiones 111.12. Adler again cites Lexicon Ambrosianum 1117.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; imagery; military affairs; religion
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 18 December 2010@01:14:09.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 18 December 2010@06:40:50.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 18 December 2010@11:05:11.
David Whitehead on 1 November 2011@10:21:33.
David Whitehead on 13 October 2013@09:28:49.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 15 March 2015@23:42:06.

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