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Headword: *pracidi/kh
Adler number: pi,2212
Translated headword: Penalty-Exacter, Punisher
Vetting Status: high
A deity,[1] whose head alone is venerated.[2] Mnaseas in his [treatise] On Europe [says] that Soter and his sister Praxidike ['Penalty-Exacter'] had a son Ktesios and daughters Homonoia and Arete, who were called Penalty-Exacters after their mother.[3] Dionysios in Foundations [sc. says that it was] daughters of Ogygos -- Alkomeneia, Thelxineia, Aulis -- who were afterwards named Penalty-Exacters.[4]
Greek Original:
*pracidi/kh: qeo/s, h(=s kefalh\n mo/non i(dru/onto. *mnase/as de\ e)n tw=| peri\ *eu)rw/phs *swth=ros kai\ th=s a)delfh=s *pracidi/khs gene/sqai *kth/sion ui(o\n kai\ qugate/ras *(omo/noian kai\ *)areth/n, a(\s a)po\ th=s mhtro\s *pracidi/kas klhqh=nai. *dionu/sios de\ e)n *kti/sesin *)wgu/gou qugate/ras, *)alkome/neian, *qelci/neian, *au)li/da, a(\s u(/steron *pracidi/kas o)nomasqh=nai.
Same entry in Photius (pi1139 Theodoridis), similar one elsewhere.
For sources other than the ones cited here (e.g. Pausanias 3.22.2) see LSJ s.v.
[1] Female, as the headword shows (and the entry proceeds to explain).
[2] In LSJ s.v. this is taken to mean 'represented with a bare head'.
[3] Mnaseas of Patrai (C3 BCE) fr.17 FHG (3.152).
[4] Dionysios of Chalkis [Myth, Place] (?C4 BCE) fr.3 FHG (4.394). For Ogygos cf. omega 12, omega 13.
Keywords: aetiology; art history; definition; ethics; historiography; law; mythology; religion; women
Translated by: David Whitehead on 25 October 2001@06:57:12.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth on 9 August 2003@01:42:40.
David Whitehead (added missing note number, x-refs, more keywords; cosmetics) on 9 August 2003@09:19:13.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 16 May 2011@07:37:09.
David Whitehead (more notes; another keyword; cosmetics) on 27 October 2011@08:18:03.
David Whitehead on 13 October 2013@07:50:27.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 25 October 2021@00:47:00.


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