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Headword: *pa/dos
Adler number: pi,19
Translated headword: Pados, Padus, Po
Vetting Status: high
Name of a river, the one called Eridanos amongst Greeks.
Greek Original:
*pa/dos: o)/noma potamou=, tou= par' *(/ellhsin *)hridanou= o)nomazome/nou.
The longest river in Italy (c.400 miles); cf. Barrington Atlas map 40 grid A2. See generally OCD4 Padus.
For the name Eridanos see eta 516, again at iota 597. The earliest detailed description of the Po is in Polybius 2.16.6 (web address 1), and Walbank ad loc. (178-9) briefly discusses the Pados/Eridanos connection, which is more complex than the Suda suggests. Early writers (Hesiod, Herodotus) applied the name Eridanos to a fabulous amber-producing river; later this was thought to be near, rather than identical with, the Po (still so in e.g. Strabo 5.1.9); the simple identification, probably attributable to Apollonius of Rhodes, never ousted alternatives.
F.W.Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, i (Oxford 1957 and reprints)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; geography
Translated by: David Whitehead on 22 June 2001@08:40:33.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth on 2 October 2002@01:05:29.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 23 April 2003@05:38:55.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 26 July 2011@10:10:43.
David Whitehead on 10 August 2014@03:44:58.
Catharine Roth (added a link) on 4 April 2021@22:22:00.
Ronald Allen (added map reference) on 5 April 2021@13:13:23.


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