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Headword: *plhqu/ousin
Adler number: pi,1748
Translated headword: becoming full, growing
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning they] increasing, exceeding.[1] "Some time later they gave ground to the Minyans as they were growing in insolence, and they were contending for royal power."[2]
"And increasing time makes you at the same time an old man and empty of sense."[3]
Greek Original:
*plhqu/ousin: au)ca/nousi, pleona/zousi. xro/nw| de\ u(/steron plhqu/ousi toi=s *minu/ais ei)s u(/brin e)xw/roun basilei/as te a)ntepoiou=nto. kai/ s' o( plhqu/wn xro/nos ge/ronq' o(mou= ti/qhsi kai\ tou= nou= keno/n.
[1] If the headword (from the verb plhqu/w) is extracted from the first quotation given, it, like the glosses, must be a present participle in the dative plural -- though see under next note. (Otherwise they could be finite verbs in the third person plural.)
[2] Quotation (transmitted, in Adler's view, via the Excerpta Constantini Porphyrogeniti) unidentifiable. Adler, on no discernible basis, attributed it to Aelian. Gaisford pointed out the resemblance of the passage to Herodotus 4.146.1, where the refugee Minyans (mu 1095, mu 1096) 'after some time behaved with insolence, demanding a share in [sc. Spartan] royal power etc.' (web address 1). Bernhardy proposed emending the participle from dative to nominative, plhqu/ontes, but that would seem to make the Spartans the ones 'growing in insolence'.
[3] Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus 930-1 (web address 2); Theseus addressing Creon [Author, Myth].
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; historiography; history; politics; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 30 November 2011@00:47:09.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented n.2; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 30 November 2011@03:06:48.
David Whitehead on 30 November 2011@03:44:44.
David Whitehead on 6 October 2013@08:01:16.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 5 July 2014@23:29:11.


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