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Headword: *pho/s
Adler number: pi,1533
Translated headword: in-law, kinsman by marriage
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] he who is a relative through intermarriage. Also [sc. attested is the cognate abstract noun] phosu/nh ["relationship by marriage"], the marriage-connection.[1] Also [sc. attested is the genitive plural] phw=n, [meaning] of relatives. Homer [writes]: "both relatives and friends."[2]
Greek Original:
*pho/s: o( kat' e)pigami/an suggenh/s. kai\ *phosu/nh, h( suggambri/a. kai\ *phw=n, tw=n suggenw=n. *(/omhros: phou/s te fi/lous te.
See also epsilon 3263, copied from here.
[1] The first term used here, e)pigami/a, refers to the actual rite of marriage; the second, suggambri/a, seems to refer to the connection/relationship formed between those married into the same family, such as su/ggambroi, the husbands of two sisters.
[2] Homer, Iliad 3.163 (web address 1), with accusative plurals. (The Suda's preceding genitive plural, also with this glossing in Hesychius pi2235 and a scholion on Nicander, must therefore be extracted from somewhere else; extant possibilities begin with Callimachus and Theocritus.)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; gender and sexuality; poetry
Translated by: Amanda Aponte on 30 September 2009@11:48:36.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation, note, and link; added keyword, set status) on 30 September 2009@17:00:55.
David Whitehead (augmented headword; x-ref; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 1 October 2009@04:32:35.
David Whitehead (expanded n.2; tweaking) on 3 October 2013@06:01:12.


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