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Headword: *pa/gkoinos li/mnh
Adler number: pi,14
Translated headword: lake common to all, universal lake
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] that of Hades. "But you will not raise him from the lake of Hades, which is common to all, not with lamentations or prayers." *pa/gkoinos [means the lake] at which all must arrive. The sense [is]: not by grieving nor by petitioning the gods will you raise this man up.[1] In the Homeric saying: "for there is no effect in bitter lamentation."[2] And Aeschylus [writes]: "death [is] the only god who does not love gifts."[3] "He does not accept the part of sweet hope."[4]
Greek Original:
*pa/gkoinos li/mnh: h( tou= a(/|dou. a)ll' ou)/toi to/n g' e)c a)i/+da pagkoi/nou li/mnas a)nsta/seis, ou)/te go/ois ou)/te litai=sin. pagkoi/nou, ei)s h(\n a(/pantas a)fike/sqai dei=. o( de\ nou=s: ou)/te o)durome/nh ou)/te parakalou=sa tou\s qeou\s tou=ton a)nasth/seis. *(omhrikw=s: ou) ga/r tis prh=cis pe/letai krueroi=o go/oio. kai\ *ai)sxu/los: mo/nos qew=n ge qa/natos ou) dw/rwn e)ra=|. ou) de/xetai glukera=s me/ros e)lpi/dos.
[1] Sophocles, Electra 137-9 (web address 1), with scholion.
[2] Homer, Iliad 24.524 (web address 2).
[3] Aeschylus, fr. 161.1; quoted already at theta 45, mu 1235.
[4] Tragica adespota fr. 456 Nauck.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: definition; epic; ethics; imagery; mythology; religion; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 15 September 2007@15:01:16.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 16 September 2007@04:37:57.
David Whitehead on 26 August 2011@04:43:09.
David Whitehead on 8 August 2013@08:38:03.
David Whitehead (coding) on 21 May 2016@03:37:27.


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