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Headword: *pamfi/lh
Adler number: pi,139
Translated headword: Pamphile, Pamphila
Vetting Status: high
Of Epidaurus; a wise woman; daughter of Soteridas,[1] who is said to have been the author of her collections, as Dionysius [says] in [book] 30 of his Musical History;[2] but others write that her husband Socratidas was the author.[3] [She wrote] Historical Commentaries in 33 books;[4] Epitome of Ctesias[5] in 3 books; a very large number of epitomes of histories and other books; On Disputes; On Sex; and many other works.[6]
Greek Original:
*pamfi/lh, *)epidauri/a, sofh/, quga/thr *swthri/dou, ou(= le/getai ei)=nai kai\ ta\ sunta/gmata, w(s *dionu/sios e)n tw=| l# th=s *mousikh=s i(stori/as: w(s de\ e(/teroi gegra/fasi *swkrati/da tou= a)ndro\s au)th=s. *(istorika\ u(pomnh/mata e)n bibli/ois lg#, *)epitomh\n tw=n *kthsi/ou e)n bibli/ois g#, e)pitoma\s i(storiw=n te kai\ e(te/rwn bibli/wn pamplei/stas, *peri\ a)mfisbhth/sewn, *peri\ a)frodisi/wn kai\ a)/llwn pollw=n.
C1 AD. See generally RE Pamphila(1); OCD4 Pamphila; FHG 3.520-522.
[1] See [sigma 875] and [sigma 876] Soteridas. A problem arises from the fact that in sigma 875 Soteridas is the name of Pamphila's husband; hence Adler (apparatus there) would read Sokratidas. Since both entries probably refer to the same grammarian, it is likely that a misunderstanding or confusion of the sources have caused a mistake in sigma 875.
[2] [delta 1171] Dionysius. The false attribution of historical works is often suspected by ancient authors in cases of woman writers, since their skills were not believed up to such complex matters. A similar remark occurs in Athenaeus, in reference to the obscure historian Nikobule; cf. also Marcellinus' observation about the style of Thucydides book 8, composed by the historian's daughter according to some sources.
[3] See [sigma 875] Soteridas (sic). According to A. Daub (RhM 35, 58-61), the name Sokratidas is just a corruption for Soteridas, i.e. Pamphila's husband and not her father. However, the character of this entry, where both names are inserted and in a way opposed to each other, does not support such interpretations. The name of Pamphila's husband was probably known from the preface to her miscellaneous work (see note 6).
[4] See Photius, Bibl. cod. 175.
[5] [kappa 2521] Ktesias.
[6] Pamphila of Epidaurus flourished in the age of the Emperor Nero. Her family or ancestors had moved to Greece from Egypt, most likely Alexandria, and she was therefore considered (at least by Photius) as Egyptian: *ai)gupti/a de\ to\ ge/nos h( *pamfi/lh (cf. Phot. Bibl. 119b38. According to Photius, Pamphila also wrote the summi/ktwn i(storikw=n u(pomnhma/twn lo/goi, "Miscellany of historical notes", a work in eight books. It was the fruit of her advice to put on record everything one reads (and learns), advice Photius appears to quote with approval: cf. Phot. Bibl. 119b20-27.
Keywords: biography; gender and sexuality; historiography; meter and music; rhetoric; women
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 16 May 2002@22:18:19.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 17 May 2002@02:25:27.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords) on 17 May 2002@03:21:15.
Jan Stronk (Added note 6.) on 21 April 2004@12:51:28.
David Whitehead (minor expansion of primary note) on 22 April 2004@03:40:54.
Catharine Roth (betacode cosmetics) on 16 December 2004@16:14:27.
Antonella Ippolito (corr. typos; augmented notes) on 3 March 2006@14:01:09.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 13 August 2013@05:08:29.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 2 August 2014@11:30:53.


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