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Headword: *)/onqos
Adler number: omicron,366
Translated headword: dung
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] manure. That is, the excrement of cattle.[1]
Homer [writes]: "and his mouth was filled with the dung of kine."[2]
They call the animalcule a 'dung-beetle'. It is said that it lays its seed in dung and thus rolls it around with its feet until the seed, having been exercised, is revivified and germinates. A dung beetle is never female; instead all are born male.[3]
And they dung the wine up by mixing old [wine] with it.[4]
Greek Original:
*)/onqos: bo/lbiton. toute/stin h( tw=n bow=n ko/pros. *(/omhros: e)n d' o)/nqou boe/os plh=to sto/ma. fasi\ de\ ka/nqaron to\ zwu/+fion: le/getai de\ ei)s o)/nqon a)pospermati/zein kai\ ou(/tw peristre/fein toi=s posi/n, e(/ws o(/tou e)ggumnasqe\n to\ spe/rma a)podoqh=| kai\ e)ggennh/sh|. qh=lus de\ ka/nqaros ou) gi/netai, a)lla\ pa/ntes a)/rsenes gennw=ntai. kai\ o)nqhleu/ousi to\n oi)=non summignu/ntes au)tw=| sapro/n.
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica: see the references at Photius omicron342 Theodoridis; they include a scholion to the Homeric line about to be quoted.
[2] Homer, Iliad 23.777 (web address 1).
[3] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Peace 7, where Greek literature's most famous dung-beetle appears; cf. kappa 310 (end).
[4] Quoted from kappa 334.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; epic; food; gender and sexuality; poetry; science and technology; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 21 October 2003@23:54:45.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords) on 22 October 2003@04:35:01.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 17 April 2007@01:11:39.
David Whitehead (augmented notes) on 4 July 2013@03:39:44.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 4 July 2013@21:47:00.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 19 January 2021@00:58:57.


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