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Headword: *)omfaki/an
Adler number: omicron,315
Translated headword: austere, harsh
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] cruel and severe. Aristophanes [writes]: "for it is terrible that the spirit of men is so austere by nature that he throws [things] and shouts and wishes to hear nothing bearing fair for fair." Meaning cruel and severe. [Used] metaphorically from unripe grapes. The bunches of grapes are so pungent and not at all ripe; for from the opposite [side], [the bunch] has ripened and is sweet. And "bearing fair for fair," meaning just, and from an equal [measure]. From a metaphor of mixing wine with water. And he is saying to speak and to listen in accordance with what is fair.
Greek Original:
*)omfaki/an: w)mo\n kai\ sklhro/n. *)aristofa/nhs: deino\n ga\r ou(/tws o)mfaki/an pefuke/nai to\n qumo\n a)ndrw=n w(/ste ba/llein kai\ boa=n e)qe/lein t' a)kou=sai mhde\n i)/son i)/sw| fe/ron. a)nti\ tou= w)mo\n kai\ sklhro/n. metaforikw=s a)po\ tw=n o)mfa/kwn. ou(/tw de\ ai( stafulai\ drimei=ai ou)=sai kai\ ou)/pw pe/peiroi: e)k ga\r tou= e)nanti/ou, pe/panon to\ w(/rimon kai\ h(du/. i)/son de\ i)/sw| fe/ron, a)nti\ tou= di/kaion, kai\ e)c i)/sou. a)po\ metafora=s tou= kirname/nou oi)/nou pro\s u(/dwr. le/gei de\ kat' i)/son ei)pei=n kai\ a)kou=sai.
Aristophanes, Acharnians 352-4 (web address 1), with scholion. The headword, feminine accusative singular of this adjective, is extracted from the quotation.
cf. omicron 319 (and already delta 340).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: agriculture; botany; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; food; imagery; poetry
Translated by: Amanda Aponte on 15 December 2009@11:45:45.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (x-refs; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 16 December 2009@06:18:40.
David Whitehead (expanded note; another keyword) on 30 June 2013@06:31:33.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 30 June 2013@19:32:32.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 17 January 2021@15:37:16.


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