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Headword: *(oloi/troxos
Adler number: omicron,211
Translated headword: boulder, rolling stone
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
"A boulder from a siege-machine fell upon the inventor of the apparatus, shattered his mouth and put out both his eyes."[1]
Herodotus [writes]: "and as the barbarians approached the gates, they threw down boulders."[2]
And elsewhere: "[they] rolling large boulders down from the crest [sc. of the hill]." [Meaning] whole circular stones.[3]
Greek Original:
*(oloi/troxos: li/qos o(loi/troxos a)po\ mhxanh=s ei)s to\n eu(reth\n tou= texnh/matos e)mpesw\n tou= te sto/matos e)ch/race kai\ tou\s o)fqalmou\s e)ce/wsen a)/mfw. *(hro/dotos: kai\ dh\ prosio/ntwn tw=n barba/rwn pro\s ta\s pu/las, o(loitro/xous a)fi/esan. kai\ au)=qis: o(loitro/xous mega/lous kata\ tou= lo/fou kuli/ontes. li/qous o(/lous troxoeidei=s.
Notes:
cf. omicron 209, omicron 212.
[1] Source (and individual) unknown; transmitted (like both the following) via the Excerpts made for Constantine Porphyrogenitus. For tou= te sto/matos ("of his mouth" in the genitive), K├╝ster offered the emendation to/ te sto/ma ("his mouth" in the accusative); Hemsterhuys instead suggested supplying tou\s o)do/ntas ("his teeth") after the verb.
[2] Herodotus 8.52.2, on the Persians at Athens (web address 1).
[3] Again the quotation is unidentifiable, but for the gloss cf. Etymologicum Magnum 622.42 and Apollonius' Homeric Lexicon 120.13.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; definition; geography; historiography; history; medicine; military affairs; science and technology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 7 December 2009@01:25:08.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 7 December 2009@03:24:00.
Catharine Roth (expanded note, added link) on 2 February 2010@16:59:48.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaking) on 25 June 2013@03:21:49.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 16 April 2015@00:51:48.

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