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Headword: *)=w me/le
Adler number: omega,84
Translated headword: o friend
Vetting Status: high
In the more recent [writers] it is spoken by women only,[1] like the [phrase] "o wretch"; but in the ancient ones by men also. And [it is used] in Aristophanes' Knights[2] and in Plato's Theatetus.[3] Menander in She Who Loves [writes]: "send the fellow away! Why are you knocking, o friend?"[4] He means o wretched man, o wicked man. But some [say that it means] o one who is worthy of care and, in effect, one who has been cared for.[5]
An epithet, that is, o wickedest, o one possessed by the most evil genius, o most contemptible.[6]
Greek Original:
*)=w me/le: para\ toi=s newte/rois u(po\ tw=n gunaikw=n le/getai mo/non: w(s to\ w)= ta/lan: para\ de\ toi=s palaioi=s kai\ u(p' a)ndrw=n. kai\ e)n *(ippeu=sin *)aristofa/nous kai\ e)n *qeaith/tw| *pla/twnos. *me/nandros *sunerw/sh|: a)/fes to\n a)/nqrwpon. ti/ ko/pteis, w)= me/le; shmai/nei de\ w)= dei/laie, w)= ponhre/. e)/nioi de\ w)= e)pimelei/as a)/cie kai\ oi(=on memelhme/ne. pro/sfqegma, toute/sti ka/kiste, kakodaimone/state, oi)ktro/tate.
LSJ entry at web address 1. See also omega 260.
[1] cf. the scholia to Plato, Theaetetus 178E, cited below.
[2] Aristophanes, Knights 671.
[3] Plato, Theaetetus 178E.
[4] Menander fr. 457 Kock, 392 Koerte, now 345 Kassel-Austin.
[5] For the entry so far, cf. Timaeus' Platonic Lexicon.
[6] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Knights 671, cited above.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: chronology; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; philosophy; women
Translated by: Sheila Kurian on 6 June 2000@02:23:13.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (streamlined translator's notes; added note and keywords) on 4 July 2002@10:42:37.
David Whitehead (more notes; tweaking) on 31 October 2013@06:50:10.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note and link) on 12 November 2013@01:17:19.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 26 December 2014@01:02:28.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 31 December 2014@06:09:05.


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