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Headword: *)=wpis
Adler number: omega,143
Translated headword: Opis, Upi
Vetting Status: high
Name of a city.
Greek Original:
*)=wpis: o)/noma po/lews.
Opis (to the Greeks; Upi in Akkadian) was a major trading city on the River Tigris in northern Babylonia, in existence since the 13th century BCE. It stood at the eastern end of the "Median Wall" (opposite Sippar on the western end) built by Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon in the 560s BCE.
In 539 BCE Opis was the site of the battle which allowed Cyrus the Great of Persia to conquer Babylonia. In 324 BCE Alexander the Great had to deal with a major mutiny of his army there (Arrian, Anabasis 7.8-11). In the Hellenistic era Opis declined, as the new city of Seleukia, located on the opposite side of the Tigris a few miles to the south, usurped its economic importance (RE 18.1, cols.683-5).
Keywords: biography; chronology; definition; geography; history; military affairs; trade and manufacture
Translated by: John Hyland on 23 May 2000@13:25:28.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 10 May 2001@09:17:18.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 20 November 2005@10:58:33.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 28 July 2011@08:37:23.
David Whitehead on 1 November 2013@05:01:29.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 3 January 2015@00:53:20.


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