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Headword: *)wgu/gia kaka/
Adler number: omega,12
Translated headword: Ogygian evils
Vetting Status: high
[sc. A proverbial phrase] in reference to troublesome things; for it happened that Cadmus, the son of Ogygus,[1] fell into evils on account of his daughters.[2] But better to say that 'Ogygian evils' [means] ancient [ones]: for this is what the phrase indicates.[3]
Greek Original:
*)wgu/gia kaka/: e)pi\ tw=n o)xlhrw=n: e)pei\ sune/bh *ka/dmon to\n *)wgu/gou dia\ ta\s qugate/ras kakoi=s peripesei=n. a)/meinon de\ le/gein *)wgu/gia kaka/, ta\ palaia/: tou=to ga\r h( le/cis dhloi=.
Same entry in Photius; and cf. Appendix Proverbiorum 5.42.
[1] The relationship between Cadmus and Ogygus is uncertain. Pausanias 9.5.1 (web address 2) suggests that both were connected with Thebes -- Ogygus being the original king, and Cadmus a later conquerer. Cadmus is usually said to be the son of Agenor.
[2] Three of Cadmus' daughters -- Semele, Agave, and Ino -- met tragic ends which Cadmus lived to see. Cadmus himself, in the most famous account of his latter years, suffers an ambiguous fate that involves being turned into a snake. In a problem-filled passage of Euripides' Bacchae (1330-1367: web address 4), the divine son of Cadmus' daughter, Dionysus, seems to cast Cadmus' fate as punishment for failure to recognize his godhood. Possibly any combination of these woes is what is meant by the evils that occur 'on account of his daughters'.
[3] The adjective Ogygios came to be synonymous with 'primeval' or 'primordial'. See the next lemma (omega 13) as well as the entry in LSJ (web address 1) and Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus 1770 (web Address 3).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3,
Web address 4
Keywords: daily life; ethics; mythology; proverbs; tragedy; women
Translated by: Paul Mathai on 2 April 2000@22:03:53.
Vetted by:
Helma Dik on 4 April 2000@12:11:22.
William Hutton (Modified translation and notes, added link and keyword, raised status) on 19 March 2001@13:01:50.
William Hutton on 19 March 2001@13:02:40.
William Hutton (Augmented note) on 19 March 2001@13:06:38.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 26 February 2003@09:00:01.
David Whitehead on 30 October 2013@09:14:12.
David Whitehead on 30 October 2013@09:15:34.
David Whitehead (codings) on 20 May 2016@07:26:22.


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