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Headword: *nei=kos
Adler number: nu,287
Translated headword: quarrel
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] a dispute with rebuke; but others [define it as] battle, rivalry, abuse. "[He] who shoots at me with useless contentiousnesses and quarrels".[1] [He is] speaking by way of blame. Also [sc. attested is the phrase] "quarrel of Odysseus".[2] Also [meaning] battle. "Since thus Athena led the neikos".[3] "There arose a neikos between us and the Eleans."[4]
But nikos [spelled] with an iota [means] victory. And not only is [neikos in the sense of] "rivalry" spelled with a diphthong [ei], but so is [neikos in the sense of] hand-to-hand combat. [5]
Greek Original:
*nei=kos: diafora\ met' e)piplh/cews: oi( de\ ma/xh, filoneiki/a, loidori/a. o(/s me met' a)prh/ktous e)/ridas kai\ nei/kea ba/llei. le/gwn kata\ me/myin. kai/, nei=kos *)odussh=os. kai\ ma/xh. e)pei\ w(\s a)/ge nei=kos *)aqh/nh. *)hlei/oisi kai\ h(mi=n nei=kos e)tu/xqh. *ni=kos de\ h( ni/kh, dia\ tou= i. ou) mo/non de\ h( filoneiki/a dia\ difqo/ggou, a)lla\ kai\ h( dia\ xeirw=n ma/xh.
The first paragraph of this entry comes from Photius (nu93 Theodoridis); more briefly already in Hesychius mu233.
See also nu 286.
[1] Homer, Iliad 2.376.
[2] Homer, Odyssey 8.75.
[3] Homer, Iliad 11.721, 17.544.
[4] Homer, Iliad 11.671.
[5] That is, the senses of nei=kos as "dispute" and "battle" already given.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; military affairs; mythology
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 23 September 2009@07:01:31.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 23 September 2009@09:10:40.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 23 September 2009@16:29:27.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 7 June 2013@06:51:39.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 30 October 2020@23:01:24.
Catharine Roth (another tweak) on 31 October 2020@00:48:20.


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