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Headword: *na/nos
Adler number: nu,26
Translated headword: dwarf
Vetting Status: high
[Used] in reference to small [people], in Neoclides and Aristotle. And Theophrastus [writes]: "as [being] a dwarf and having large genitals." For dwarves have large genitals.[1]
Stunted human beings are called na/nnoi. Also nannofuei=s ["short in stature"]. But stunted horses are called i)nnoi.[2]
Most later [people] write this [word] gi/nnoi. The expression seems to be derived from being deprived of the upper parts [to a)/nw], for properly speaking dwarf creatures stoop down, like infants, who also have larger upper parts.[3]
Greek Original:
*na/nos: e)pi\ tw=n mikrw=n, para\ *neoklei/dh| kai\ *)aristote/lei. kai\ o( *qeo/frastos: w(s na/non kai\ ai)doi=on e)/xonta me/ga. oi( gou=n na/noi me/ga ai)doi=on e)/xousi. *na/nnoi le/gontai oi( koloboi\ tw=n a)nqrw/pwn. kai\ nannofuei=s. oi( de\ koloboi\ tw=n i(/ppwn i)nnoi/. oi( plei/ous tw=n u(/steron gi/nnous tou/tous gra/fousi. dokei= para\ to\ e)sterh=sqai tou= a)/nw ei)rh=sqai h( le/cis: kataku/ptei ga\r ta\ kuri/ws na/na, kaqa\ kai\ ta\ bre/fh, w(=n kai\ mei/zw ta\ a)/nw.
The better spelling of the headword seems to be na/nos (or na=nos with circumflex accent), but the spelling with double nu (na/nnos) is common in manuscripts.
[1] Likewise in Photius nu18 Theodoridis (more briefly already in Hesychius nu62), and see also Apostolius 11.97. 'Neoclides' is perhaps the Athenian philosopher (C5/4 BCE) of that name, though Theodoridis suspects a textual problem. The Aristotle passage is History of Animals 577b27, and the Theophrastus one is fr. 339 Fortenbaugh.
[2] cf. scholion on Aristophanes, Peace 790 (where nanofuei=s appears); see also iota 385, kappa 396, sigma 1762.
[3] cf. Orion [Author, Myth] 108.18; Etymologicum Magnum 597.27.
Keywords: children; comedy; definition; gender and sexuality; medicine; philosophy; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 10 February 2006@23:10:46.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note number; augmented notes and keywords) on 12 February 2006@04:51:52.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 3 June 2013@04:59:36.
David Whitehead on 4 June 2013@03:19:36.


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