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Headword: *makari/tas
Adler number: mu,57
Translated headword: blessed ones
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the dead [referred to] euphemistically, on the grounds that those who died are blessed, because they no longer perceive anything terrible. Some Dorians call them zameri/tai, as if they have already obtained a share of the greater part; for the [sc. prefix] za refers to something big.[1]
Aristophanes in Wealth [writes]: "how blessed, o Demeter, you have laid down his life, if having lived sparingly and toiled he will not even leave [wherewithal] to be buried." He misused [the word makari/thn by using it] instead of maka/rion ["blessed"]; unless he is joking, as if [he meant] a dead man's life.[2]
Greek Original:
*makari/tas: tou\s teqnew=tas eu)fh/mws, w(s makari/wn o)/ntwn tw=n teleuthsa/ntwn, o(/ti ou)ke/ti ai)sqa/nontai/ tinos deinou=. *dwrie/wn tine\s au)tou\s zameri/tas kalou=sin, oi(=on th=s mei/zonos meri/dos h)/dh kekoinwnhko/tas. to\ ga\r za\ e)pi\ tou= mega/lou ti/qetai. *)aristofa/nhs *plou/tw|: w(s makari/thn, w)= *da/mater, to\n bi/on au)tou= kate/lecas, ei) feisa/menos kai\ moxqh/sas katalei/yei mhde\ tafh=nai. katexrh/sato a)nti\ tou= maka/rion: ei) mh\ a)/ra pai/zei, oi(=on nekrou= bi/on.
[1] cf. scholion on Aeschylus, Persians 633 (where this headword appears, as again here, in the accusative plural: web address 1). For za- words see also e.g. zeta 10, zeta 13, zeta 22.
[2] Aristophanes, Plutus [Wealth] 555-6 (web address 2), with scholion.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; ethics; geography; religion; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 18 April 2009@21:39:36.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented n.1; another keyword; cosmetics) on 27 April 2009@04:12:53.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 29 April 2013@03:30:41.
Catharine Roth (fixed link) on 15 September 2013@18:03:26.
Catharine Roth (added another link) on 15 September 2013@18:07:23.


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