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Headword: *la/mpwn o)/mnusi to\n xh=n', o(/tan e)capata=| tina/
Adler number: lambda,93
Translated headword: Lampon swears by the goose whenever he is deceiving somebody
Vetting Status: high
The early Socratics were in the habit of swearing in this way, but Rhadamanthys was the first to prohibit oaths by the gods, [ordaining] instead swearing by goose and dog and ram and suchlike. Lampon was a sacrificer, oraclemonger and seer, with whom they also connect the Athenian colony to Sybaris. He used to swear by the goose, a supposedly prophetic bird. It is therefore said of those deceiving someone with an oath.
Sybaris [was] an Athenian colony.
Greek Original:
*la/mpwn o)/mnusi to\n xh=n', o(/tan e)capata=| tina/: prw=toi *swkratikoi\ e)peth/deusan ou(/tws o)mnu/nai. *(rada/manqus de\ prw=tos ou)k ei)/a o(/rkous poiei=sqai kata\ qew=n, a)ll' o)mnu/nai xh=na kai\ ku/na kai\ krio\n kai\ ta\ o(/moia. o( de\ *la/mpwn qu/ths h)=n, xrhsmolo/gos kai\ ma/ntis: w(=| kai\ th\n ei)s *su/barin a)poiki/an *)aqhnai/wn peria/ptousin. w)/mnue de\ kata\ tou= xhno/s, w(s mantikou= o)rne/ou. ei)/rhtai ou)=n e)pi\ tw=n meta\ o(/rkou e)capatw/ntwn tina/. o(/ti *su/baris a)poiki/a *)aqhnai/wn.
The headword phrase quotes Aristophanes, Birds 521 (web address 1), and the gloss (all but the final sentence) comes from the scholia there; cf. rho 13 and chi 284.
For the Athenian-sponsored settlement (444/3 BCE) of Thourioi, on the site of Sybaris in S Italy, see theta 418 (and more on Lampon at kappa 2595).
For further material on these and other aspects of the line see Dunbar (below) 357-8.
Aristophanes, Birds, edited with introduction and commentary by Nan Dunbar (Oxford 1995)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; chronology; comedy; ethics; geography; history; mythology; philosophy; religion; zoology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 8 September 2001@06:46:55.
Vetted by:
Elizabeth Vandiver (Added link; added italics; set status) on 24 October 2003@16:55:20.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 27 June 2004@06:28:32.
David Whitehead on 1 April 2013@07:00:21.


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