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Headword: *lakko/plouton
Adler number: lambda,58
Translated headword: Pit-rich, Pit-wealthy
Vetting Status: high
Thus they used to call Callias the Athenian[1] for this reason: Xerxes, defeated in the sea-battle at Salamis,[2] fled from Athens, but one of the Persians was stationed on Callias’ [property] and deposited his baggage there because of the precipitous rout, and the servants of the Persian threw a great deal of gold into a pit in the hopes of returning later to recover it. This they say did not happen, for Callias first got hold of the money.
Greek Original:
*lakko/plouton: *kalli/an to\n *)aqhnai=on ou(/tws e)/legon e)c ai)ti/as toiau/ths: *ce/rchn h(tthqe/nta e)n th=| peri\ *salami=ni naumaxi/a| fugei=n e)c *)aqhnw=n, e)staqmeuko/tos de/ tinos tw=n *persw=n e)n toi=s *kalli/ou kai\ th\n a)poskeuh\n e)kei= kataleloipo/tos, tw=n de\ barba/rwn o)cei=an th\n fugh\n poihsame/nwn e)mbalei=n tou\s oi)ke/tas tou= *pe/rsou polu\n xruso\n ei)s la/kkon, e)lpi/zontos u(/steron a)nasw/sein e)panelqo/ntas. ou) mh\n gene/sqai le/getai: pro/teron ga\r kurieu=sai tw=n xrhma/twn *kalli/an.
Same entry in Photius, Lexicon lambda44 Theodoridis; see further below, n. 1. The headword is in the accusative case, as determined by the grammar of the opening sentence.
The base lakk-, meaning a pond, a reservoir, appears in IE in such terms as Latin lacus, English lake, and Scots/Irish loch. See associated bibliography below. For the uncompounded noun see lambda 60, lambda 61 (and for another lakk- compound lambda 59).
[1] See already kappa 214: prominent Athenian diplomat and wealthy landowner of the early and middle C5 BCE. Brill’s Encyclopedia of the Ancient World [= Neue Pauly 1.962] regards the story as an invention based on Plutarch, Aristides 5.6 where the biographer tells a version of the story and attributes the name to the 'comic poets'. Brill/Pauly takes the term as the equivalent of 'mining baron'.
[2] For Xerxes see generally xi 54. This sea-battle took place between the Greek city-states and Persia in 480 BCE in the straits between the Athenian harbor at Piraeus and Salamis, a small island in the Saronic Gulf.
Pierre Chantraine (ed.), Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue grecque: Histoire des mots, ed. 2 (Paris 2009)
Edward Ross Wharton, Etymological Lexicon of Classical Greek 1974
Keywords: aetiology; biography; comedy; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Oliver Phillips ✝ on 5 June 2006@22:00:58.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 6 June 2006@03:30:11.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 27 March 2013@07:39:31.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 7 December 2014@00:30:46.
David Whitehead on 16 May 2016@06:25:53.
Catharine Roth (updated bibliography) on 11 August 2019@17:47:33.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 29 March 2020@01:22:31.


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