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Headword: *le/sxh
Adler number: lambda,309
Translated headword: lounging, lounge; conversation
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] socialising a lot, prattle. In the old days leschai was the name for the seats and places in which men were accustomed to congregate and philosophize. So says, too, Hierocles in [book] 1 of Philosophical Subjects.[1]
Herodotus [writes]: "and yet when a conversation had taken place, [sc. about] which of them was the best."[2]
"I remembered, how many times we had both let the sun set in conversation. But though you, Halicarnassian guest, [are] long, long ago dust, your nightingales live on".[3]
In Hesiod a lesche [is] a kiln.[4]
Greek Original:
*le/sxh: pollh\ o(mili/a, fluari/a. to\ de\ palaio\n ai( kaqe/drai kai\ oi( to/poi, e)n oi(=s ei)w/qesan a)qroizo/menoi filosofei=n, le/sxai e)kalou=nto. ou(/tw fhsi\ kai\ *(ieroklh=s e)n a# *filosofoume/nwn. *(hro/dotos: kai/toi genome/nhs le/sxhs, o(\s ge/noito au)tw=n a)/ristos. e)mnh/sqhn, o(sa/kis a)mfo/teroi h(/lion e)n le/sxh| katedu/samen. a)lla\ su\ me/n pou, cei=n' *(alikarnhseu=, tetra/palai spodi/h: ai( de\ teai\ zw/ousin a)hdo/nes. *le/sxh de\ para\ *(hsio/dw| h( ka/minos.
Notes:
For this headword see already lambda 308; and cf. lambda 310.
[1] (Hierocles fr.2 von Arnim.) Same or similar material in other lexica: see the references at Photius lambda210 Theodoridis.
[2] Herodotus 9.71.3, on brave Spartans in Persian-War battles (web address 1).
[3] From Callimachus' famous epitaph for the elegiac poet Heraclitus of Halicarnassus: Greek Anthology 7.80 (Diogenes Laertius 9.17), lines 2-5. On this epigram, see Gow and Page (vol. I, 65-66) and (vol. II, 191-192). Gow and Page note (vol. I, 65) that the Anthologia Palatina (AP) assumed that this epigram was addressed--as was the preceding epigram, Greek Anthology 7.79 (Meleager [Author, Myth])--to the philosopher Heraclitus of Ephesus (eta 472), an error corrected by the AP scribe designated J (the Lemmatist). Gow and Page further observe that while a)hdo/nes (nightingales) could well be interpreted metaphorically as a poetical legacy, they find attractive the suggestion of H. Stadtm├╝ller (1845-1906), followed by Paton (49), that Nightingales was the title of a book containing the Halicarnassian's works.
[4] Hesiod, Works and Days 493 (web address 2), here wrongly interpreted. (For kiln, see kappa 284.)
References:
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge, 1965)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge, 1965)
W.R. Paton, trans., The Greek Anthology: Books VII-VIII, (Cambridge, MA 1993)
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: chronology; daily life; definition; historiography; imagery; military affairs; philosophy; poetry
Translated by: David Whitehead on 31 March 2009@04:59:32.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added links and keyword, set status) on 31 March 2009@11:52:42.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 1 April 2009@03:24:58.
David Whitehead on 15 April 2013@06:57:52.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.3, added bibliography) on 22 September 2021@14:39:54.

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