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Headword: *le/gw
Adler number: lambda,225
Translated headword: I say
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] I speak. It also means I measure and I lie down and I gather and I obtain.[1] From the future tense le/cw [comes] the present tense le/cw, hence le/ceto; and o)/rso, o)/rseo.[2]
*le/gw also [means] I build. And [sc. compare] diale/gousan, [meaning] building across. And diale/gousi, [meaning] they dig through. Thucydides.[3]
Greek Original:
*le/gw: to\ lalw=: shmai/nei de\ kai\ to\ metrw= kai\ to\ koimw=mai kai\ to\ sulle/gw kai\ to\ lagxa/nw. a)po\ ou)=n tou= le/cw me/llontos le/cw e)nestw/s, e)/nqen le/ceto: kai\ o)/rsw, o)/rseo. *le/gw kai\ to\ oi)kodomw=. kai\ diale/gousan, dioikodomou=san. kai\ diale/gousi, dioru/ttousi. *qoukudi/dhs.
[1] All except "lie down" are senses of the same word (le/gw (B) in LSJ). "Lie down" (le/gw (A)) is a back-formation from le/comai, e)/lekto, etc., and should have the stem lex- (le/xetai is cited by Hesychius lambda761, and cf. lo/xos).
[2] The "future imperfect" le/ceto does not occur, but the imperative le/ceo does (Homer, Iliad 9.617, Odyssey 19.598). The imperatives le/co and le/ceo parallel o)/rso and o)/rseo, and would account for the mention of these latter here. For an attempted explanation of these forms, see Roth 60-76.
[3] See already delta 625, inc. the note there on this citation of 'Thucydides'.
P. Chantraine, Grammaire homérique (Paris: Klincksieck, 1973) I.417
C.P. Roth, "Mixed Aorists" in Homeric Greek. New York: Garland, 1990 (see web address 1)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; historiography
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 29 November 2000@01:02:35.
Vetted by:
William Hutton (Changed word type, cosmetics, added keywords, set status, deliberately left transliterated Greek in the notes to avoid ambiguity (pending display upgrade)) on 29 November 2000@23:51:16.
Catharine Roth (Augmented bibliography.) on 4 December 2000@00:25:15.
David Whitehead (restorative and other cosmetics) on 24 December 2002@04:04:13.
Catharine Roth (changed to betacode, taking advantage of display upgrade) on 26 December 2002@17:02:50.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 11 March 2008@21:30:59.
Catharine Roth (added link) on 18 July 2011@17:02:58.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 23 April 2012@01:04:33.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 23 April 2012@03:18:01.
David Whitehead (tweak) on 4 April 2013@07:11:22.
Catharine Roth (updated link) on 20 January 2019@22:24:23.


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