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Headword: *katecanasta/ntes tou= me/llontos
Adler number: kappa,955
Translated headword: on their guard against the future
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning they] making plans with foresight.[1] "For this reason, on their guard against the future, they besought the presidents to send envoys out to Rhodes, to assist in obtaining freedom."[2]
Greek Original:
*katecanasta/ntes tou= me/llontos: promhqw=s bouleusa/menoi. dio\ katecanasta/ntes tou= me/llontos, parh|th/santo tou\s pruta/neis e)kpe/myai presbeuta\s ei)s th\n *(ro/don, sunepilabe/sqai th=s e)leuqeri/as.
[1] The headword (presumably extracted from the quotation given) is intransitive aorist participle, masculine nominative plural, of katecani/sthmi; cf. kappa 956.
[2] Polybius fr. 172 Büttner-Wobst (from the Excerpta Constantini Porphyrogeniti). Büttner-Wobst notes (537) that Valesius (Henri de Valois 1603-1676) attributed this fragment to Polybius. Inasmuch as no forms of the verb katecani/stamai (I rise up against, am on my guard against; cf. LSJ s.v., web address 1) occur elsewhere in Polybius, both Schweighäuser and Dindorf maintained doubts about the attribution (ibid.). Schweighäuser conceded (Walbank, 753), nonetheless, that if the fragment was in fact Polybian, then it might correlate with the attack by Philip V on Thasos (a city and its namesake island in the north Aegean Sea, Barrington Atlas map 51 grid D3; cf. theta 60) in 202 BCE. Walbank points out, however, that pruta/neis (presidents) are not known from Thasos; the fragment is more likely associated with Philip's 203-202 BCE attack (Polybius 15.22-23, web address 2) on Kios (Cius; cf. kappa 1658, kappa 1476, and kappa 1571), which did have a prytanean council tradition (ibid.)
T. Büttner-Wobst, ed., Polybii Historiae, vol. IV, (Leipzig 1904)
F.W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, vol. III, (Oxford 1979)
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: constitution; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; imagery; military affairs; politics
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 24 August 2008@22:37:52.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 25 August 2008@04:06:00.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 7 February 2013@07:22:26.
David Whitehead on 29 April 2016@09:58:42.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 28 June 2016@20:02:34.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added bibliography) on 31 October 2018@22:37:57.
Ronald Allen (further expanded n.2, added bibliography entry) on 1 November 2018@00:37:23.
Ronald Allen (further expanded n.2, added cross-references, added link, added keyword) on 2 November 2018@12:36:03.
Ronald Allen (revised n.2 after discussion with Managing Editor Catharine Roth, added link) on 3 November 2018@20:45:31.


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