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Headword: *karpai/a
Adler number: kappa,412
Translated headword: karpaia, crop-dance
Vetting Status: high
A kind of dance. So Xenophon in the Anabasis [sc. uses the term]. He even speaks of the [specific] kind of this.[1]
Greek Original:
*karpai/a: ei)=dos o)rxh/sews. ou(/tws *cenofw=n e)n th=| *)anaba/sei. le/gei de\ kai\ to\ ei)=dos tau/ths.
Same entry in Photius; more briefly in Hesychius, who calls the dance 'Macedonian'.
[1] The passage in question is Xenophon, Anabasis 6.1.7: "after this some men from Ainos and Magnesia [in Thessaly] stood up and danced, in armour, the so-called karpaia". It was thought noteworthy enough to be quoted by Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 1.15F-16A [1.27 Kaibel], together with the elucidation which follows (6.1.8-9): "the manner of the dance was that one man lays down his arms and starts to sow and plough with oxen, often turning round as if afraid, and a raider appears; when the first man sees him he snatches up his arms, goes to meet him, and fights for the ox-team. They would do this in time to the pipe; and at last the raider ties up the man and carries off the team -- though sometimes it is the ploughman who does this to the raider, whereupon he hitches him to the oxen and drives him off with both hands tied behind his back". See web address 1.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: agriculture; botany; daily life; definition; food; geography; historiography; military affairs; meter and music; zoology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 16 July 2001@05:18:34.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth on 26 August 2003@18:29:04.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 27 August 2003@03:19:00.
Catharine Roth (added keyword) on 6 October 2005@01:47:39.
David Whitehead on 28 January 2013@07:16:49.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 15 January 2015@01:47:28.
David Whitehead on 16 January 2015@05:41:15.
Catharine Roth (added a link) on 13 April 2019@15:04:12.


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