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Headword: *kunoke/falos
Adler number: kappa,2714
Translated headword: dogshead
Vetting Status: high
Kleon calls himself this.[1] Meaning terrifying and shameless; the sort of person that Geryoneus was in Hesiod. "Chrysaor gave birth to three-headed Geryoneus."[2] That is, reckless and unscrupulous and rapacious.
Greek Original:
*kunoke/falos: o( *kle/wn e(auto\n ou(/tw kalei=. a)nti\ tou= deino\n kai\ a)nai/sxunton: o(poi=os h)=n o( par' *(hsio/dw| *ghruoneu/s. *xrusa/wr e)/teke trike/falon *ghruonh=a. toute/stin i)tamo\s kai\ a)naidh\s kai\ a(rpaktiko/s.
[1] In Aristophanes, Knights 416 (web address 1), where the word appears in the dative, rather than the nominative as here. This and the rest of the entry are drawn from the scholia to that passage. For Kleon see kappa 1731.
[2] Hesiod, Theogony 287 (web address 2). The connection that the scholiast is making between Kleon and Geryon(eus), gamma 254, is vague; perhaps he imagines that anyone with a non-standard disposition of heads is of like character. There may also be some confusion with the three-bodied goddess Hekate (epsilon 363, epsilon 364, epsilon 365), who is sometimes said to have a dog's head; perhaps the scholiast imagines the same is true of Geryon.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; comedy; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; imagery; medicine; mythology; poetry; politics; religion; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 13 March 2008@13:26:40.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (x-refs; tweaks and cosmetics) on 14 March 2008@04:18:46.
David Whitehead (more x-refs; another keyword; tweak) on 19 May 2008@08:17:34.
David Whitehead on 22 March 2013@04:59:23.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 8 March 2020@00:09:38.


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