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Headword: *koi/th
Adler number: kappa,2569
Translated headword: bed
Vetting Status: high
['Bed';] and [sc. also attested is] koitai=os, [meaning] one who comes at the hour for bed.[1]
"He announced that they were coming at bedtime."[2]
Greek Original:
*koi/th: kai\ *koitai=os, o( kata\ th\n w(/ran th=s koi/ths e)rxo/menos. o( de\ parh/ggeilen e)/rxesqai koitai/ous.
The primary headword is unglossed.
[1] The adjective koitai=os normally means 'bed-related', 'serving as a bed', 'abed', or 'encamped' vel sim. (see LSJ: web address 1). It is not otherwise attested in the sense indicated here.
[2] Ascribed to Polybius (fr. 177 Büttner-Wobst), who uses the adjective more frequently than any other author, but elsewhere only in the sense of 'abed' or 'encamped'. Büttner-Wobst notes (537) that Küster attributed this fragment to Polybius. Büttner-Wobst also records (ibid.) Schweighäuser's suggestion that -- unless it has been extracted from one of Polybius's lost books -- the context of the fragment could be Polybius 5.17.9 (web address 2). The fragment would thus be associated with Philip V of Macedon's 218 BCE landing at Corinth during the Social War (220-217) and his letter to Peloponnesian cities threatening a date by which he wished to have his entire force at Tegea (approximately 60 km. directly southwest; cf. tau 211) by bedtime; cf. Walbank (552-553).
T. Büttner-Wobst, ed., Polybii Historiae, vol. IV, (Leipzig 1904)
F.W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, vol. I, (Oxford 1957)
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; chronology; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: William Hutton on 28 April 2008@05:54:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks) on 28 April 2008@06:58:18.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 19 March 2013@07:10:50.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added bibliography, added map reference, added keyword, added link) on 7 November 2018@13:37:54.
Ronald Allen (removed map reference, added cross-reference) on 7 November 2018@15:51:26.


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