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Headword: *krhti/zein
Adler number: kappa,2407
Translated headword: to Cretanise, to play the Cretan, to speak like a Cretan
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] to lie/play false.[1] For when the distribution of the bronze from the booty was entrusted to Idomeneus, he chose the best for himself.[2]
And [there is] another proverb: "to speak Cretan to Cretans". Since they are liars and deceivers.[3]
Greek Original:
*krhti/zein: to\ yeu/desqai. *)idomeneu\s ga\r e)pitrapei\s to\n a)po\ tw=n lafu/rwn xalko\n dianei=mai to\n a)/riston au(tw=| e)cei/leto. kai\ e(te/ra paroimi/a: *krhti/zein pro\s *krh=tas. e)peidh\ yeu=stai kai\ a)patew=ne/s ei)si.
[1] See link to LSJ at web address 1.
[2] On Idomeneus, leader of the Cretan forces in the Trojan War, see generally OCD(4) s.v. The present material is also in Photius, Lexicon kappa1087 Theodoridis, and more fully in Zenobius 4.62; see also next note.
[3] cf. Apostolius 14.98 and other paroemiographers. See further at pi 2745. The claim that all Cretans are liars is attributed to the Cretan Epimenides (fr. 1 Diehls-Kranz) by Clement of Alexandria, cf. Epistle to Titus 1.12 (web address 2).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: aetiology; daily life; definition; epic; ethics; geography; military affairs; mythology; proverbs
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 19 January 2001@23:52:49.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; added keyword; cosmetics) on 25 May 2001@08:20:46.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 27 March 2011@05:11:15.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 27 March 2011@12:12:38.
David Whitehead on 17 March 2013@09:52:12.
David Whitehead on 4 August 2014@07:40:26.
David Whitehead (coding) on 2 May 2016@09:01:23.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 2 May 2016@11:20:41.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 3 February 2020@01:04:12.
Catharine Roth (added a link) on 3 February 2020@01:08:20.


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