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Headword: *kw/mh
Adler number: kappa,2258
Translated headword: village, neighborhood
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning the place] in which they used to sleep [e)koimw=nto] when they returned from work; or [a variant of?] xw/mh, as if it were a kind of mound, for construction of the foundation.[1]
Also [sc. attested is] kwmh=tai ["villagers"], [meaning] the inhabitants of the village.[2]
Also [sc. attested is] e)kw/masen ["he/she/it burst in"], meaning [he/she/it] arrived.[3] "A dirge burst in on the wedding-song, and the wretched [girl] not yet a wife was seen as a corpse."[4]
And [there is] a proverb: "a pig burst in", in reference to those who do something indecorously.[5]
Greek Original:
*kw/mh: ei)s h(\n e)koimw=nto a)po\ tw=n e)/rgwn a)nio/ntes: h)\ xw/mh, oi(=on a)na/xwma/ ti: kata\ su/gkrisin tou= e)da/fous. kai\ *kwmh=tai, oi( th=s kw/mhs oi)kh/tores. kai\ *)ekw/masen, a)nti\ tou= parege/neto. qrh=nos d' ei)s u(me/naion e)kw/masen, h( de\ ta/laina ou)/pw gunh\ kai\ ne/kus e)ble/peto. kai\ paroimi/a: *(=us e)kw/masen, e)pi\ tw=n a)ko/smws ti poiou/ntwn.
Notes:
[1] An attempt to etymologize the headword kw/mh (also at kappa 2259, kappa 2260). The first option relates it to the verb koima/omai, and implicitly to the noun kw=ma (kappa 2251). The second relates it to the group of words including xw=ma, xo/w, xw/nnumi, involving piles of earth.
[2] cf. kappa 2260, kappa 2263.
[3] Third person singular, aorist, of kwma/zw "I carouse, I burst in on," extracted from the quotation which follows. For this verb see also kappa 2252, kappa 2254, kappa 2255.
[4] Greek Anthology 7.186.3-4 (Philip); quoted already at epsilon 548.
[5] Apostolius 17.72 and other paroemiographers; also Hesychius; cf. Theognostus in Anecdota Oxoniensia ed. Cramer 2.24.6; and upsilon 189.
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; imagery; meter and music; proverbs; women; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 22 February 2009@01:53:52.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another x-ref; tweaks and cosmetics) on 22 February 2009@03:20:18.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 15 March 2013@06:06:09.
David Whitehead (coding) on 2 May 2016@06:44:45.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 13 January 2020@00:30:03.

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