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Headword: *kludw/nion
Adler number: kappa,1840
Translated headword: ripple
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] stirs up.[1] Also "wave"; both [sc. are attested].[2] Thucydides [in book] 2 [writes]: " and they being unable to lift the oars in rough water."[3]
Also [sc. attested is the related noun] kludw/nisma. Also [sc. attested is] the verb kludwnw=, and kludwni/zw.[4]
Greek Original:
*kludw/nion: kuka=. kai\ klu/dwna a)/mfw. *qoukudi/dhs b#: kai\ ta\s kw/pas a)du/natoi o)/ntes e)n klu/dwni a)nafe/rein. kai\ *kludw/nisma. kai\ *kludwnw= r(h=ma, kai\ *kludwni/zw.
The headword kludw/nion is a grammatical diminutive of klu/dwn, "billow/wave", attested in Attic tragedy and elsewhere; see generally LSJ s.v. (web address 1 and web address 2), and nn.2-3 below.
[1] Also a gloss at kappa 2635 -- but here, as has been realised, it cannot be right; it is a mistake for the noun ku=ma (Photius, Lexicon kappa798 Theodoridis, etc.).
[2] (The implicit le/gousi is explicit in Photius kappa799, on which see further, next note.) This second noun is here in the accusative case klu/dwna, so evidently the headword is too.
[3] The codices of Thucydides 2.84.3 have kludwni/w|, i.e. the dative case of the present headword (web address 3). Nevertheless, editors of Thucydides have preferred to follow the reading of the present entry, also in Photius: klu/dwni. (According to the TLG, this is the only use of the word klu/dwn in Thucydides.)
[4] Only in lexica and grammars; LSJ entry at web address 4.
Jones, H.S., ed. Thucydidis Historiae. Oxford, 1917
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3,
Web address 4
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography; history; military affairs; tragedy
Translated by: Richard Davis on 21 February 2009@17:22:16.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modifications to tr; augmented notes; cosmetics) on 22 February 2009@08:03:08.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 22 February 2009@17:27:24.
David Whitehead (expanded notes; tweaks and cosmetics) on 4 March 2013@06:24:01.
Catharine Roth (tweaked notes) on 7 September 2013@00:50:11.
David Whitehead (coding) on 1 May 2016@09:37:02.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 18 September 2019@00:29:21.


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