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Headword: *kadmei/a ni/kh
Adler number: kappa,17
Translated headword: Kadmeian victory, Cadmean victory
Vetting Status: high
This is said in reference to those who are victorious to their hurt. Some say that [this is because] after their victory the Thebans were defeated by the Epigonoi; others [say it is because] when Oedipus solved the riddle he married his mother as his prize. It is applied also to deeds which are unprofitable. As he himself said[1] who wrote a history of Thebes, when Cadmus destroyed the dragon which guarded the spring of Ares, he laboured for Ares for eight years.
Greek Original:
*kadmei/a ni/kh: le/getai e)pi\ tw=n e)pi\ kakw=| nikw/ntwn. oi( me\n le/gousin, o(/ti *qhbai=oi nikh/santes u(/steron u(po\ tw=n *)epigo/nwn h(tth/qhsan: oi( de\ o(/ti *oi)di/pous to\ ai)/nigma lu/sas e)/paqlon th\n mhte/ra e)/ghme. ti/qetai kai\ e)pi\ tw=n a)lusitelw=n. w(s de\ au)to\s o( ta\ peri\ *qhbw=n sunta/cas, o(/ti *ka/dmos a)nelw\n to\n th\n *)arei/an krh/nhn throu=nta dra/konta e)qh/teusen *)/arei+ o)ktw\ e)/th.
Also in Photius (Lexicon kappa11, from Pausanias the Atticist) and in several of the paroemiographers.
What we call a Pyrrhic victory; cf. kappa 16, kappa 18.
[1] Textually corrupt: Pausanias (see above) preserves the missing name, Lycus (FGrH 380 F5). See also Apollodorus, Library 3.24.
Keywords: aetiology; daily life; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; mythology; proverbs; tragedy; women; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 16 February 2002@18:26:07.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note and keywords; cosmetics) on 17 February 2002@07:32:39.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords) on 18 January 2013@04:37:39.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 20 January 2013@01:54:16.
David Whitehead (coding) on 29 April 2016@03:00:23.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 6 March 2019@02:00:45.


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