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Headword: *kefalh/
Adler number: kappa,1446
Translated headword: head, extremity
Vetting Status: high
[sc. So named] from having curvature of the spine [kekufw=sqai], or rather [from] being bent over [keka/mfqai]. And physicians call it skafei=on ["bowl"]. And Hippocrates [calls it] ku/bhtos.[1] But the Macedonians [call it] ke/bh, using beta instead of phi, as in Pherenike, [whom they call] Berenike.[2]
Greek Original:
*kefalh/: para\ to\ kekufw=sqai, h)/goun keka/mfqai. kai\ oi( i)atroi\ skafei=on au)to\ kalou=si. kai\ o( *(ippokra/ths de\ ku/bhton. *makedo/nes de\ ke/bhn, to\ b a)nti\ tou= f lamba/nontes, w(s e)pi\ *fereni/khs, *bereni/khs.
Same entry, according to Adler, in Anecdota Oxoniensia ed. Cramer 2.256.27.
[1] cf. kappa 2596; see also Etymologicum Magnum 543.6.
[2] For Berenike see under phi 828. One of the few facts known about the ancient Macedonian language is that Proto-Indoeuropean voiced aspirates appear as voiced stops (written with beta, delta, and gamma), in contrast to all known Greek dialects, which have voiceless aspirates (phi, theta, chi). The Macedonian word for "head" appears as keblh/ in Callimachus fr. 657 Pfeiffer; see also keblh/puris "red-capped bird" in Aristophanes, Birds 303. Hesychius kappa1959 has kebalh/ glossed with kefalh/. ku/lic. For more information, see the Wikipedia entry at web address 1.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; medicine; women
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 11 November 2008@20:34:50.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another x-ref; tweaks) on 12 November 2008@03:39:59.
Catharine Roth (expanded note 2, added link) on 13 November 2008@00:14:43.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 20 February 2013@05:09:43.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 21 February 2013@23:52:09.


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