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Headword: *keuqh=nes
Adler number: kappa,1437
Translated headword: keuthenes
Vetting Status: high
The spirits of the underworld.
Greek Original:
*keuqh=nes: oi( kataxqo/nioi dai/mones.
Clearly related to the verb keu/qw (kappa 1435) "hide" (cf. peu/qomai "ask" > peuqh/n "spy"), but the word is not attested in literature.
The word does appear, in the singular, in ps.-Zonaras and the Etymologicum Magnum s.v. puqmh/n, attributed to Theognostus, as an attempt to derive puqmh/n ("bottom") from keu/qw: keu/qw > keuqh/n > kuqh/n > puqmh/n. But that does not explain the demonic association, and may well be a coincidence.
Karl Olzscha (cited in Mayani 1970:380) attempted to link the keuqh=nes (and Keuthonymos of kappa 1439) to the Etruscan deity Keu; Mayani was less than convinced.
Mayani, Z. 1970. La Fin du mystère étrusque. Maloine: Paris
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; religion
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 11 November 2008@05:24:43.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 12 November 2008@03:20:45.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 19 February 2013@09:32:59.


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