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Headword: *kestre/ai
Adler number: kappa,1430
Translated headword: mullets, kestreai
Vetting Status: high
Kestreai [are] a kind of fish.
The masculine [is] [nominative] kestreus, [genitive] kestreƓs.[1]
It is also a kind of anchovy; see under "anchovy".[2]
Greek Original:
*kestre/ai: ei)=dos i)xqu/wn ai( kestre/ai. to\ de\ a)rseniko\n kestreu/s, kestre/ws. e)/sti de\ kai\ ei)=dos a)fu/wn. kai\ zh/tei e)n tw=| a)fu/a.
[1] The word is attested only here and in the scholia vetera to Aristophanes, Clouds 339. The scholiast treats kestre/a as a synonym of ke/stra (kappa 1429), both being first declension forms; but kestre/a appears to be a back-formation from kestre/as, the accusative plural of kestreu/s, and is not attested outside the scholion and the Suda. So it does not contribute to the distinction attempted. Accordingly, the Suda considers kestre/a as merely the feminine version of kestreu/s.
[2] alpha 4660; the word used there is kestre/wn, the genitive plural of kestreu/s. Though the kinds of fish discussed there are discussed together by Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 7.284F-285A (7.22 Kaibel), that does not make the mullet a kind of anchovy.
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; zoology
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 10 November 2008@02:54:44.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 10 November 2008@03:16:51.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule, keyword) on 11 November 2008@00:32:11.
David Whitehead on 19 February 2013@07:22:15.


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