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Headword: *ke/ntrion
Adler number: kappa,1340
Translated headword: goad
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] an ox-goad.
Greek Original:
*ke/ntrion: to\ bouke/ntrion.
The headword is the diminutive of ke/ntron (kappa 1338), which means "goad" (including "ox-goad"), "spear-point", "bee sting", and "point of compass", hence "centre" (LSJ s.v.).
Of the possible derived meanings, the word ke/ntrion is used in Galen to denote a surgical instrument (e.g. De compositione medicamentorum per genera, 13.407: LSJ s.v.) The meaning "ox-goad" is also claimed for the word in the Etymologicum Gudianum; the Etymologicum Magnum simply derives the word from ke/ntw and ke/ntron.
With accent shift, the word survived into Byzantine and Modern Greek as kentri/[on], "bee sting".
Keywords: agriculture; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; medicine; zoology
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 31 October 2008@08:58:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 31 October 2008@09:29:48.
David Whitehead on 18 February 2013@06:05:40.


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