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Headword: *kentaurikw=s
Adler number: kappa,1330
Translated headword: centaur-like
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] rustically.[1]
[Also meaning] disruptively, insultingly;[2] because the Centaurs too [are] insulters; but others [say that the word is used] meaning softly. For Herakles is being ironic. For Dionysos [is] soft and effete. Aristophanes in Frogs [writes]: "who knocked on the door? How Centaur-like he jumped at it."
And elsewhere: "[...] of a kind that neither the Centaurs who possess Pelion nor the Laistrygonians who settled the Leontine plain [sc. surpassed in bestiality]."[3]
Greek Original:
*kentaurikw=s: a)groi/kws. a)ko/smws, u(bristikw=s: o(/ti kai\ oi( *ke/ntauroi u(bristai/: oi( de\ a)nti\ tou= malakw=s. ei)rwneu/etai ga\r o( *(hraklh=s. o( ga\r *dio/nusos malako\s kai\ trufhlo/s. *)aristofa/nhs *batra/xois: ti/s th\n qu/ran e)pa/tacen; w(s *kentaurikw=s e)nh/lato. kai\ au)=qis: oi(/ous ou)/te tou\s *kentau/rous tou\s to\ *ph/lion e)/xontas ou)/te tou\s *laistrugo/nas tou\s to\ *leonti=non pedi/on oi)kh/santas.
On centaurs -- upper half human, lower half equine -- see generally OCD(4) s.v.
[1] Likewise in Hesychius and Photius.
[2] These further glosses, and what follows them, come from the scholia to Aristophanes, Frogs 38(-39), here quoted, where the headword adverb occurs (web address 1).
[3] Polybius 8.9.13, quoting Theopompus (FGrH 115 F225a) on the companions of Philip II of Macedon (phi 354).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; historiography; history; mythology; zoology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 26 July 2007@07:35:04.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added link, set status) on 26 July 2007@14:28:20.
David Whitehead (augmented n.2) on 27 July 2007@03:25:26.
David Whitehead on 18 February 2013@05:28:25.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 18 February 2013@11:23:25.
David Whitehead on 4 August 2014@06:31:31.


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