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Headword: *kegxrami/des
Adler number: kappa,1218
Translated headword: pips
Vetting Status: high
The kernels of olives and figs are called kenchramides.
Greek Original:
*kegxrami/des: tou= su/kou kai\ tw=n e)law=n oi( purh=nes le/gontai kegxrami/des.
LSJ s.v. kegxrami/s records the sense of "olive kernel" only in this passage. The sense "fig seed" is found in: Hippocrates, De Natura Mulierum 109; Aristotle, History of Animals 549a (describing the size of a small crawfish egg); and often in Theophrastus and medical authors.
The singular is glossed in Hesychius kappa1963 as "the interior of the seed of a fig", but elsewhere Hesychius also uses the word to describe grains of wheat, suggesting it was becoming a generic word for "seed"; this is confirmed in Lampe s.v. kegxremi/s: "millet seed, hence any fine grain". Nevertheless, the Suda (in an excerpt from John Philoponus) still distinguishes between fig kegxrami/des and olive purh=nai at kappa 416.
Keywords: botany; definition; food; medicine; philosophy
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 16 October 2008@05:04:07.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaks, status) on 17 October 2008@01:36:14.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 13 February 2013@04:03:12.
Catharine Roth (translated title) on 29 November 2014@23:52:26.


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