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Headword: *gamyo/n
Adler number: gamma,54
Translated headword: crooked
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning something that is] bending/bent.
"And a crooked fish-hook bound to horse hairs, a hidden snare for fishes."[1] In the Epigrams: "and a crooked sickle, corn-cutting tool of the field."[2] And again: "curved grain-reaping sickles."[3]
Greek Original:
*gamyo/n: e)pikampe/s. kai\ gamyo\n xai/th|sin e)f' i(ppei/h|si pedhqe\n a)/gkistron, krufi/hn ei)nali/oisi pa/ghn. e)n *)epigra/mmasi: gamyo/n te dre/panon, staxuhto/mon o(/plon a)rou/rhs. kai\ au)=qis: gamya\s purolo/gous drepa/nas.
Notes:
Neuter nominative/accusative singular of this adjective, with the same glossing in Hesychius; evidently quoted from somewhere (not necessarily the first or second of the three quotations given here).
cf. generally gamma 52, gamma 53, gamma 55.
[1] Greek Anthology 6.192.3-4 (Archias).
[2] Greek Anthology 6.95.3 (Antiphilus), a plowman's dedication to Demeter; cf. Gow and Page vol. I (100-101); vol. II (126-127); and this epigram's further excerpts at theta 498, mu 1430, pi 1535, and pi 1842. The dre/panon might be the long, heavy scythe, an ancient weapon of war, as in Xenophon Cyropedia 6.1.30 (web address 1). But in the epigram's agricultural context, this tool was almost certainly the smaller, lighter sickle, held in one hand for cutting corn; cf. Gow and Page vol. I (101) and Blümner (493).
[3] Greek Anthology 6.104.2 (Philip).
References:
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge, 1968)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge, 1968)
H. Blümner, The Home Life of the Ancient Greeks, (London, 1895)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: agriculture; botany; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; military affairs; poetry; religion; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 18 June 2002@12:34:09.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note and keywords; cosmetics) on 19 June 2002@04:36:02.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords) on 15 June 2011@06:49:29.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 22 August 2012@00:02:37.
David Whitehead on 27 September 2015@04:53:47.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keyword) on 20 June 2022@18:02:22.
Catharine Roth (tweaked notes 1 and 3) on 21 June 2022@00:39:55.
Ronald Allen (tweaked translation after consultation with Managing Editor Catharine Roth) on 24 June 2022@16:39:21.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added to bibliography, added link, added keyword) on 24 June 2022@17:18:30.

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