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Headword: *graikoi/
Adler number: gamma,447
Translated headword: Graikoi, Graeci, Greeks
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the Hellenes.[1] [The name comes] from a certain village,[2] or from a certain Graikos.[3]
[It is formed] out of the [term] Graix, [genitive] Graikos.[4]
Greek Original:
*graikoi/: oi( *(/ellhnes. a)po\ kw/mhs tino\s, h)\ a)po\ *graikou= tinos. e)k tou= *grai/c, *graiko/s.
[1] Similarly in other lexica. The Parian Marble (FGrH 239) gives 1521/0 BC as regnal date for Hellen the son of Deukalion (delta 283), during whose reign "those formerly called Graikoi were [re-]named Hellenes."
[2] Here only.
[3] Son of Thessalos, according to Stephanus of Byzantium s.v.
[4] Likewise in Stephanus, and in the grammarians. Graix is not independently attested.
Keywords: aetiology; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; mythology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 9 August 2001@06:50:18.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth on 17 June 2002@19:35:26.
David Whitehead (augmented note) on 17 September 2002@07:59:59.
David Whitehead (more notes; another keyword; tweaking) on 11 June 2012@06:32:50.
David Whitehead on 29 September 2015@08:09:19.
Catharine Roth (tweak) on 13 April 2016@10:53:26.
David Whitehead (another note) on 14 April 2016@02:54:10.


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