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Headword: *gnwto/s
Adler number: gamma,358
Translated headword: intimate
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning a] brother.[1] Also [sc. attested is the corresponding feminine] gnwth/, [meaning a] sister.
"O dear Oedipus, you [all] have come forth desiring things which are intimate and not unknown to me. For well I know that you are all ill; and, being ill, it is not possible that anyone of you is as sick as I am. For your pain comes upon each one of you alone and to no other; but my spirit grieves for the city and me and you alike."[2]
And in the Epigrams: "Pan, receive of threefold brothers nets from a threefold hunt."[3]
Greek Original:
*gnwto/s: a)delfo/s. kai\ *gnwth/, a)delfh/. w)= fi/l' *oi)di/pous, gnwta\ kou)k a)/gnwta/ moi prosh/lqet' i(mei/rontes. eu)= ga\r oi)=d' o(/ti nosei=te pa/ntes: kai\ nosou=ntes, w(s e)gw\ ou)k e)/stin u(mw=n o(/stis e)c i)/sou nosei=. to\ me\n ga\r u(mw=n a)/lgos ei)s e(/n' e)/rxetai mo/non kaq' au(to\n, kou)de/n' a)/llon: h( d' e)mh\ yuxh\ po/lin te ka)me\ kai\ s' o(mou= ste/nei. kai\ e)n *)epigra/mmasi: gnwtw=n trissati/wn e)k trissati/hs li/na qh/rhs de/xnuso *pa/n.
Notes:
[1] cf. the scholia to Homer, Iliad 3.174, where gnwtou/s occurs.
[2] Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus 58-64 (web address 1 below). These words are spoken by Oedipus himself, and they begin w)= pai=des oi)ktroi/ ("o piteous children"); so the Suda's w)= fi/l' *oi)di/pous is doubly unacceptable. Adopt Dobree's conjecture, noted by Adler, *sofoklh=s *oi)di/podi ("Sophocles in his Oedipus").
[3] Greek Anthology 6.12.1-2. (One of the brothers has caught birds, one beasts, one fish.)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; medicine; poetry; religion; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 7 June 2003@02:24:29.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation and notes; added keywords) on 8 June 2003@06:14:12.
David Whitehead (another keyword; betacode and other cosmetics) on 10 June 2012@05:49:15.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 15 September 2012@02:31:47.
David Whitehead on 28 September 2015@11:09:38.

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