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Headword: *)eknefi/as
Adler number: epsilon,513
Translated headword: cloud-produced
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] a wind [produced] out of clouds.
Greek Original:
*)eknefi/as: e)k nefw=n a)/nemos.
Same or similar entry in other lexica.
The headword adjective is very frequent in Aristotelian meteorological and astronomical works: see e.g. Meteorologica 365a1-3, 366b33 passim; De Mundo 384b18; Problemata 940b30; cf. Alexander of Aphrodisias, Commentary on Aristotle's Meteorologica 113.15 passim. See also Chrysippus in the scholia to Hesiod, Theogony 148. A detailed definition of this kind of winds is provided by Posidonius fr.337a, lines 9ff. For an occurrence in comic poetry see Alexis fr. 46.5 Kock = 47.5 K.-A.
A different specific meaning, peculiar to medical texts, is illustrated by Galen, Linguarum seu dictionum exoletarum Hippocratis explicatio, vol 19.96.5 Kuehn, where e)knefi/as o)/mbros is "the rain coming with sun" (evidently mentioned for its influence on human health: cf. Oribasius 10.9.1), while the e)knefi/as pureto\s is defined as o( u(gro\s a(/ma kai\ purw/dhs "the fever at the same time humid and burning".
Keywords: comedy; definition; imagery; medicine; philosophy; science and technology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 1 May 2005@07:00:40.
Vetted by:
Antonella Ippolito (added note, added keywords) on 2 May 2005@23:10:14.
David Whitehead (cosmetics in note) on 3 May 2005@02:57:20.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaking) on 7 August 2012@03:36:53.
David Whitehead on 29 December 2014@10:19:14.
David Whitehead on 3 January 2015@09:19:11.
David Whitehead on 9 December 2015@04:48:09.


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