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Headword: *)exqrante/os
Adler number: epsilon,4016
Translated headword: hateful, to be hated
Vetting Status: high
Sophocles [writes]: "the enemy is hateful to us in so far as he will be a friend hereafter; and to a friend I would wish to render so much service as to one who will not always stay [true]." One must, he is saying, devote oneself to one's enemies, as future friends; and to one's friends, as [future] enemies. So he is saying [one should] deal with matters moderately.
Greek Original:
*)exqrante/os: *sofoklh=s: o(/ t' e)xqro\s h(mi=n e)s toso/nd' e)xqrante/os, w(s kai\ filh/swn au)=qis: e)/s te to\n fi/lon toiau=q' u(pourgw=n w)felei=n boulh/somai, w(s ai)e\n ou) menou=nta. dei=, fhsi/, prose/xein toi=s e)xqroi=s, w(s au)=qis fi/lois e)some/nois: kai\ toi=s fi/lois, w(s e)xqroi=s. summe/trws ou)=n fhsi xrh=sqai toi=s pra/gmasin.
Sophocles, Ajax 679-682, with comment from the scholia there; cf. alpha 655.
NB: in both of these entries, and again implicitly in epsilon 4017, Sophocles is credited with having written e)xqrante/os, but the mainstream manuscript tradition of Sophocles has e)xqarte/os.
Keywords: dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; tragedy
Translated by: Ryan Stone on 11 February 2008@14:06:46.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (rearranged notes; modified keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 12 February 2008@06:25:07.
David Whitehead on 21 November 2012@05:16:39.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 28 March 2018@18:51:23.


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