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Headword: *)efe/seis
Adler number: epsilon,3863
Translated headword: encouragements, motivations
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] impulses.[1]
"Taking encouragement from the general opinion of the soldiers, he/it provided strange and unexpected assistance from the general to the determination already present."[2]
Greek Original:
*)efe/seis: o(rma/s. a)po\ de\ th=s tw=n stratiwtw=n gnw/mhs labw\n e)/fesin para\ tou= strathgou= ce/nhn kai\ para/docon boh/qeian e)pori/sato pro\s th\n u(pokeime/nhn para/stasin.
[1] The headword, evidently quoted from somewhere, is the nominative and accusative plural of the feminine noun e)/fesis (for which see also epsilon 3865, and in another sense epsilon 3866), which appears in the following passage in the accusative singular.
[2] An unplaced grammatical fragment from Polybius' Histories (fr. 161 Büttner-Wobst). It receives no discussion in Walbank's commentary (see bibliography). For a Latin translation, see the 1839 French edition of Polybius, p. 163. Büttner-Wobst notes that Schweighäuser deemed the attribution of this fragment to Polybius to be doubtful (p. 535); he accepts the emendation of Henri Valois kata/stasin "order of battle" instead of the Suda's para/stasin.
Büttner-Wobst, T. Polybii Historiae, vol. 4 (Leipzig: Teubner, 1904; repr. Stuttgart: Teubner, 1967)
Walbank, F. A Historical Commentary on Polybius, 3 vols. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957-1979)
Polybii Historiarum Reliquiae (Paris, 1839)
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; military affairs
Translated by: Chad Schroeder on 11 September 2004@15:59:42.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (supplemented and modified translation; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 12 September 2004@05:28:54.
David Whitehead (another headword; typo (mine)) on 12 September 2004@06:35:15.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 18 November 2012@09:00:25.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 11 July 2015@10:53:35.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.1 and cosmetics) on 16 April 2018@23:27:01.
Ronald Allen (rearrange n.1, supplement n.2, refine bibliographical reference) on 16 April 2018@23:55:44.
Catharine Roth (modified translation and expanded note, after discussion with Ron Allen) on 18 April 2018@23:13:01.


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