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Headword: *eu)estw/
Adler number: epsilon,3446
Translated headword: well-being
Vetting Status: high
Democritus of Abdera says that cheerfulness is the end, and that it is not the same as pleasure, as some have wrongly taken it to be. Rather, [it is a condition] in virtue of which the soul passes its life calmly and quietly, tyrannized by no fear or superstition or any other affection. He calls this both well-being and by many other names[1]
Well-being is called happiness; just as ai)eiestw/ ["everlasting existence"] [applies] to eternity.[2]
Greek Original:
*eu)estw/: o(/ti *dhmo/kritos o( *)abdhri/ths te/los th\n eu)qumi/an ei)=nai le/gei, ou) th\n au)th\n ou)=san th=| h(donh=|, w(s e)/nioi parakou/santes e)cede/canto, a)lla\ kaq' h(\n galhnw=s kai\ eu)staqw=s h( yuxh\ dia/gei, u(po\ mhdeno\s turannoume/nh fo/bou h)\ deisidaimoni/as h)\ a)/llou tino\s pa/qous. kalei= de\ au)th\n kai\ eu)estw\ kai\ polloi=s a)/llois o)no/masin. o(/ti to\ eu)estw\ eu)daimoni/a kalei=tai: w(/sper kai\ to\ ai)eiestw\ e)pi\ th=s a)i+dio/thtos.
For the noun eu)estw/, see also epsilon 3445.
[1] For the atomist philosopher Democritus see generally delta 447, delta 448. The present entry reproduces Diogenes Laertius 9.45 (= 68 A1, Diels-Kranz). He states there that Thrasylus (astronomer and philologist at the court of Tiberius) listed the works of Democritus by tetralogies; and the title On cheerfulness (*peri\ eu)qumi/hs) is listed amongst the ethical works in 9.46. On the issue of "cheerfulness" (rendered "tranquillity" in the Loeb edition of D.L.) see Democritus B3 and, especially, B191 (DK).
[2] These words come from the second book of On truth, by the sophist Antiphon (87 B22 DK). See alpha 618 and alphaiota 103.
H. Diels, W. Kranz, Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker, Berlin 1972 (reprinted).
Keywords: biography; definition; ethics; philosophy
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 31 July 2000@18:46:19.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation and notes) on 16 August 2001@10:29:52.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 20 November 2005@09:30:16.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 29 January 2008@23:52:53.
David Whitehead on 6 November 2012@04:54:12.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 25 January 2018@20:26:27.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 26 January 2018@10:23:41.
Catharine Roth (another tweak) on 27 January 2018@18:52:17.


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