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Headword: *(ermi/as
Adler number: epsilon,3040
Translated headword: Hermias
Vetting Status: high
The eunuch, of Atarneus (it is a place in Mysia in Asia close to the Hellespont,[1] which he also ruled as a subject of the Persian king). He became a eunuch and slave of Euboulos, a Bithynian dynast and philosopher. Having been educated in the school of Aristotle,[2] he wrote On the Soul, that it is immortal.[3]
This man is "the thrice-sold eunuch".[4] He was well-disposed towards Aristotle and gave his adopted daughter in marriage to the philosopher.[5]
They write [sc. the name of] this Hermias with iota only;[6] for the following verse is found among the iambic verses of Hipponax: "a eunuch and slave, Hermias ruled [sc. Atarneus]".[7]
This man, despite being castrated, inseminated his own wife and begat by her his daughter Pythias.[8]
See concerning these matters under 'Aristotle, son of Nicomachus'.[9] Note well how many degenerated from philosophy into tyranny.
Greek Original:
*(ermi/as, o( eu)nou=xos, *)atarneu/s [xw/ra de/ e)sti *musi/as th=s e)n *)asi/a| th=s pro\s tw=| *(ellhspo/ntw|, h(=s kai\ h)=rxe basile/ws tou= *persw=n u(ph/koos], eu)nou=xos kai\ dou=los geno/menos *eu)bou/lou *biqunou= duna/stou kai\ filoso/fou, a)skhqei\s paidei/an para\ *)aristote/lei e)/graye peri\ yuxh=s, o(/ti a)qa/natos. ou(=to/s e)stin o( eu)nou=xos o( tri/pratos. oi)kei/ws de\ die/keito pro\s *)aristote/lhn kai\ th\n qeth\n au)tou= qugate/ra e)/dwke tw=| filoso/fw|. tou=ton de\ to\n *(ermi/an mo/non gra/fousi dia\ tou= i: e)n ga\r toi=s tou= *(ippw/naktos sti/xois i)ambikoi=s eu(/rhtai sti/xos ou(/tws: eu)nou=xos w)\n kai\ dou=los h)=rxen *(ermi/as. o(/ti ou(=tos, kai/toi qladi/as w)/n, e)/speire th\n e(autou= gunai=ka kai\ e)/teken e)c au)th=s th\n *puqia/da qugate/ra au)tou=. zh/tei peri\ tou/twn e)n tw=| *)aristote/lhs, ui(o\s *nikoma/xou. shmei/wsai po/soi e)k filosofi/as ei)s tura/nnida mete/peson.
C4 BC. See generally OCD(4) 670, 'Hermias(1)'.
[1] Barrington Atlas map 56 grid D3.
[2] Strabo (13.1.57) states that Hermias attended the lectures of Plato and Aristotle in Athens.
[3] Wormell (p. 90) conjectures that the Suda may have confused Hermias of Atarneus with Hermeias of Alexandria; see epsilon 3036. Aristotle also wrote a work On the Soul.
[4] Menander, Sikyonios 11 (formerly Comica adespota fr. 884 Kock). 'Thrice-sold' probably has the sense of 'a sly fox'; see Wormell p.90.
[5] This paragraph comes from Harpokration s.v.; similar entries in Photius (and, post-Suda, Etymologicum Magnum). Hermias' daughter was Pythias: see below, and alpha 3929.
[6] That is, not Hermeias (as in epsilon 3036 and alpha 3929). See Choeroboscus in Etymologicum Magnum 376.25.
[7] The attribution of the verse to Hipponax is incorrect. The verse derives from Helladius Besantinoos. See Wormell p.91.
[8] On qladi/as, one whose testicles have been crushed, see epsilon 1474.
[9] alpha 3929; cf. alpha 3930.
P. Harding, Didymos on Demosthenes. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2006), pp. 57-65 (text); 124-162 (commentary)
Wormell, D.E.W., 'The literary tradition concerning Hermias of Atarneus', Yale Classical Studies 5 (1935), pp.56-92
Jaeger, W., Aristotle. Fundamentals of the history of his development, 2nd ed. trans. R. Robinson, Oxford, 1948, pp.111-121, 288-290
Keywords: biography; comedy; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; history; medicine; philosophy; poetry; politics; women
Translated by: Tony Natoli on 31 March 2002@02:13:01.
Vetted by:
Tony Natoli (Added footnote.) on 17 March 2002@16:13:18.
David Whitehead (added keyword; cosmetics; re-raised status) on 18 March 2002@02:57:26.
David Whitehead on 10 April 2002@03:32:22.
Catharine Roth (tweaked notes) on 4 January 2008@23:33:42.
Mehmet Fatih Yavuz (augmented bibliography) on 7 October 2008@00:42:35.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 28 October 2012@08:51:38.
David Whitehead on 28 October 2012@08:52:04.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 3 August 2014@08:28:04.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 29 December 2014@06:17:01.
David Whitehead (another note; coding and other cosmetics) on 13 February 2016@07:56:04.
Catharine Roth (cross-reference) on 3 December 2017@19:59:16.


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