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Headword: *)epi/dikos
Adler number: epsilon,2300
Translated headword: epidikos
Vetting Status: high
and epikleros and epiproikos and epikleritis. An epikleros is the woman left orphaned as regards the entire estate, with no brother. Both she herself and the epikleritis [are in that situation], whereas an epiproikos is the woman [left orphaned] as regards a certain part of the estate; she has a dowry because she has brothers. An epidikos is the epikleros for whom the appropriate bridegroom is a matter of dispute. But Isaeus in the [speech] Against Lysibios called the epikleros an epikleritis.
Greek Original:
*)epi/dikos kai\ *)epi/klhros kai\ *)epi/proikos kai\ *)epiklhri=tis. e)pi/klhros me\n h( e)pi\ panti\ tw=| klh/rw| o)rfanh\ kataleleimme/nh, mh\ o)/ntos au)th=| a)delfou=. h( de\ au)th\ kai\ e)piklhri=tis, e)pi/proikos de\ h( e)pi\ me/rei tini\ tou= klh/rou, h(/ te proi=ka e)/xein a)delfou\s e)/xousa. e)pi/dikos de\ h( a)mfisbhtoume/nh e)pi/klhros, ti/ni xrh\ au)th\n gamhqh=nai. *)isai=os de\ th\n e)pi/klhron e)n tw=| pro\s *lusi/bion e)piklhre/tin e)ka/lesen.
Abbreviated from Harpokration s.v.
The Greek word e)pi/klhros is conventionally (and loosely) translated "heiress"; but as there are no obvious English equivalents for the rest of the terminology covered here it is best left transliterated.
[1] Isaeus fr. 91 Sauppe. (Harpok. had also cited Isaeus fr. 120 Sauppe and Dinarchus fr. LX.3 Conomis.)
Keywords: definition; economics; law; rhetoric; women
Translated by: David Whitehead on 13 November 2000@08:41:34.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 27 March 2003@00:30:39.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 27 March 2003@03:16:22.
David Whitehead (internal rearrangement) on 21 April 2004@10:24:26.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 5 December 2005@06:11:41.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1) on 7 July 2011@08:10:49.


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