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Headword: *)emfrea/toi
Adler number: epsilon,1080
Translated headword: in Phreato
Vetting Status: high
A lawcourt of [= for] involuntary homicides in Athens. Demosthenes in the [speech] Against Aristogeiton has an accurate discussion of these matters.[1] It seems that the court was named after a certain hero, Phreatos, as Theophrastus testifies in the sixteenth law.[2]
Greek Original:
*)emfrea/toi: dikasth/rion tw=n a)kousi/wn fo/nwn e)n *)aqh/nais. *dhmosqe/nhs e)n tw=| kata\ *)aristogei/tonos a)kribw=s die/rxetai peri\ au)ta/. w)noma/sqai de\ to\ dikasth/rion e)/oiken a)po/ tinos *frea/tou h(/rwos, w(s *qeo/frastos e)n i#2# no/mw| marturei=.
The principal Athenian court for involuntary homicide(s) was in fact the Delphinion (delta 206). The court 'in Phreato' had a rare and more specialised role, in homicide cases where the accused, an exile vel sim., could not set foot on Attic soil and therefore had to be in a boat moored offshore.
[1] An error (not made by the Suda's source here, Harpocration) for Demosthenes 23 [Against Aristocrates].77.
[2] That is, in book 16 of his Laws: fr.13 Szegedy-Maszak (645 FHS&G). (Again Harpocration has been carelessly read.)
D.M. MacDowell, Athenian Homicide Law (Manchester 1963) chap.8.
Keywords: aetiology; definition; law; mythology; philosophy; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 2 November 2000@05:29:04.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 3 November 2002@22:09:42.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 4 November 2002@03:09:31.
David Whitehead (tweaked translation; another keyword; other tweaks and cosmetics) on 14 March 2007@08:03:12.
David Whitehead (another note) on 14 March 2007@08:13:19.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 14 March 2007@10:55:48.
David Mirhady (upd Theophrastus ref) on 25 July 2008@12:29:28.
David Whitehead on 7 July 2011@04:36:41.
David Whitehead on 7 January 2016@05:39:17.


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