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Headword: *dh/marxoi
Adler number: delta,421
Translated headword: tribunes, demarchs, leaders of the people
Vetting Status: high
The people, having returned to their former good order, elected as tribunes Sicinnius and Brutus, who being invested with power equal to that of the consuls, wielded that authority for a year. They demagogued the masses with capricious policies.[1]
The demarchs [are] a constitutional term among the Athenians;[2] they were formerly called naukraroi, and they had the power to take pledges. And Pherekrates [says]: "a certain demarch came into the dance and dissolved it."[3] Those [who were] leaders deme by deme. These men used to arrange the festival of the Panathenaia.
Greek Original:
*dh/marxoi: o(/ti o( dh=mos ei)s th\n prote/ran e)panelqw\n eu)kosmi/an dhma/rxous ei(/leto *siki/nnion kai\ *brou=ton, oi(\ toi=s u(pa/tois ei)s to\ au)to\ th=s duna/mews kaqista/menoi e)niautw=| te tau/thn karpou/menoi th\n e)cousi/an, e)dhmagw/goun to\ plh=qos toi=s kaq' h(donh\n politeu/masin. o)/noma de\ politei/as oi( dh/marxoi para\ toi=s *)aqhnai/ois, oi( prw/hn nau/kraroi kalou/menoi: oi(=s e)ch=n e)nexura/zein. kai\ *ferekra/ths: u(pe/luse dh/marxo/s tis e)lqw\n ei)s xoro/n. oi( kata\ dh=mon a)/rxontes. ou(=toi de\ dieko/smoun th\n e(orth\n tw=n *panaqhnai/wn.
[1] From an account of Roman history in the early C5 BCE. For L.Iunius Brutus and C.Sicinnius Vellutus (cross-referenced at sigma 397) see e.g. Plutarch, Coriolanus 7 and 13; Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities 6.89.1.
[2] The topic now shifts from Rome to Athens. On Athenian demarchs see already delta 420, and generally D.Whitehead, The Demes of Attica (Princeton 1986) chap.5A.
[3] Pherekrates fr. 171 Kock, now 182 K.-A.
Keywords: biography; comedy; constitution; definition; economics; ethics; geography; historiography; history; law; politics; religion
Translated by: William Hutton on 11 June 2003@12:56:38.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; supplied notes; augmented keywords) on 12 June 2003@03:54:54.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 9 October 2005@06:32:07.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 25 June 2012@08:32:57.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 26 December 2014@04:38:06.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 18 January 2015@19:45:52.


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