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Headword: *dei/nwsis
Adler number: delta,349
Translated headword: exacerbation, exaggeration; frowning
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] terribleness,[1] gloominess.
Greek Original:
*dei/nwsis: deino/ths, sko/twsis.
Same or similar entry in other lexica. For the several senses of this headword, a feminine noun, see LSJ s.v.
[1] Also "cleverness" or "quickness of mind", as Aristotle seems to understand deino/ths in the context of his discussion of fro/nhsis. Cleverness, Aristotle says, is a capacity which allows one to hit a target at which one is aiming. The goodness or badness of cleverness depends on the quality of the target (skopo/s) the agent has set before him: if it is fine or noble, cleverness is praiseworthy; if it is base, it is reduced to cunning or mere villainy (panourgi/a). Aristotle stresses that, while prudence is not cleverness, it does not exist without cleverness (Nicomachean Ethics 1144a26-29). Both cleverness and prudence presuppose a certain kind of knowledge (in fact, prudence is a sort of cleverness), but while the former may aim at what is evil (when associated to kaki/a), the latter just aims at what is fine or noble. But the actual ability to do the things tending to the proposed end corresponds to cleverness.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; philosophy; rhetoric
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 10 September 2002@01:38:24.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added alternative headword translation) on 7 April 2003@11:25:39.
Marcelo Boeri (Added note.) on 15 November 2003@09:49:24.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 15 November 2003@10:53:34.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 15 November 2003@19:44:43.
Catharine Roth (corrected my betacode) on 15 November 2003@19:46:23.
David Whitehead (added primary note and more keywords) on 20 June 2012@08:19:35.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 15 June 2015@00:33:00.
David Whitehead on 25 August 2015@07:31:20.


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