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Headword: *du/sorgos
Adler number: delta,1668
Translated headword: choleric
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning someone] quick to anger. Sophocles [writes]: "he will say these things, a choleric man, tough in old age, venting anger for nothing in quarrels." A scholion [comments]: [he says] "for nothing" in the sense of "[for nothing] true" or "[for no] reason to me".[1] And elsewhere: "when he came to this point, even though he was not a choleric man, offended by what he heard, he answered".[2]
Greek Original:
*du/sorgos: o)cu/xolos. *sofoklh=s: toiau=t' a)nh\r du/sorgos e)n gh/ra| baru\s e)rei= pro\s ou)de\n ei)s e)/rin qumou/menos. sxo/lion: pro\s ou)de/n, a)nti\ tou= a)lhqe/s, h)\ ai)/tion e)moi/. kai\ au)=qis: o( d' e)nqa/d' h(/kwn, kai/per ou) du/sorgos w)/n, dhxqei\s pro\s a(\ 'ch/kousen w(=d' h)mei/yato.
The adjective *du/sorgos occurs three times in Sophocles (Trachiniae 1118 besides the two passages quoted here) but is quite rare in other writers.
In Galen 16.326, to be du/sorgos is the consequence of an illness.
[1] Sophocles, Ajax 1017 (web address 1 below), with scholion.
[2] Sophocles, Philoctetes 377 (web address 2).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; medicine; tragedy
Translated by: Stefano Sanfilippo on 22 February 2005@12:24:40.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, status) on 22 February 2005@15:34:08.
David Whitehead (inserted note numbers; rephrased primary note; other cosmetics) on 23 February 2005@03:02:55.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 1 January 2006@10:09:42.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 22 July 2012@07:00:45.


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