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Headword: *doru/cenos
Adler number: delta,1399
Translated headword: spear-friend
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] a friend from among the enemy, one negotiating about ransom, if people are taken prisoner alive.[1]
Like Glaukos and Diomedes [Author, Myth].[2]
They used to call "spear-friends" also those who acquired guest-friend relationships in any manner. "Of such a man, with whom always our friendly hearth is shared." Or here [it is used] intensively, meaning [a hearth] friendly even to enemies.[3]
Greek Original:
*doru/cenos: o( e)k tw=n polemi/wn fi/los, o( presbeu/wn peri\ lu/trwn, ei) zwgrhqei=e/n tines. w(s *glau=kos kai\ *diomh/dhs. *doruce/nous e)ka/loun kai\ tou\s o(pwsou=n e)picenwqe/ntas. a)ndro\s toiou=d', o(/tw| prw=ton me\n h( doru/cenos koinh\ par' h(mi=n ai)e/n e)stin e(sti/a. h)\ e)pitatikw=s nu=n, a)nti\ tou= h( kai\ polemi/ois fi/lh.
cf. iota 114.
[1] Pausanias the Atticist fr. 282 (Eustathius I.405.46). See generally zeta 117, zeta 120, zeta 121, zeta 122.
[2] (sc. in Homer, Iliad 6.119ff.) Scholion on Sophocles, Electra 46 (web address 1); cf. scholion on Lucian, Phalaris 2.1.
[3] Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus 631-3 (web address 2), with scholion.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: daily life; definition; epic; ethics; military affairs; mythology; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 21 May 2005@19:28:57.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 22 May 2005@04:15:47.
David Whitehead (modified tr and keywords; cosmetics) on 16 July 2012@09:23:19.
Catharine Roth (upgraded links) on 24 July 2012@01:46:03.
David Whitehead (coding and other cosmetics) on 13 November 2015@09:53:57.


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