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Headword: *do/ca
Adler number: delta,1363
Translated headword: opinion
Vetting Status: high
The rational and cognitive part of the soul is divided into intellect, thought, opinion. So opinion is concerned with the common among the sensible things; for it knows that "white" [is] discerned by means of sight, and that all men [are] biped. Moreover, it knows the conclusions of intelligible things without a rational account. For instance, it knows that the soul [is] immortal, but why [this is [it knows] no further. Consequently both the common in sensible things and the conclusions of intelligible things are matter of opinion. And this is opinion, cognition. But opinion does not know any further why the soul [is] immortal. For this is a task of thinking. Hence Plato also defines correctly opinion in the Sophist when saying that it is "the result of thinking",[1] for thinking did infer that the soul [is] immortal, but opinion knows only the conclusion. However, thinking is able to accomplish a certain method passing from a premise to a conclusion; and from it thought has derived its name as well.
Greek Original:
*do/ca: to\ logiko\n kai\ gnwstiko\n me/ros th=s yuxh=s diairei=tai ei)s nou=n, dia/noian, do/can. h( me\n ou)=n do/ca katagi/netai to\ kaqo/lou e)n toi=s ai)sqhtoi=s: oi)=de ga\r o(/ti to\ leuko\n diakritiko\n o)/yews, kai\ o(/ti pa=s a)/nqrwpos di/pous. e)/ti ge mh\n tw=n dianohtw=n oi)=den a)/neu lo/gou ta\ sumpera/smata. oi(=on, o(/ti h( yuxh\ a)qa/natos oi)=den: dia\ ti/ de/, ou)ke/ti. w(/ste docasta/ e)sti to/ te e)n toi=s ai)sqhtoi=s kaqo/lou kai\ tw=n dianohtw=n ta\ sumpera/smata. kai\ tou=t' e)sti\n h( do/ca, gnw=sis. dia\ ti/ de\ a)qa/natos h( yuxh/, ou)ke/ti oi)=den h( do/ca: dianoi/as ga\r e)/rgon e)sti\ tou=to. o(/qen kai\ kalw=s o(ri/zetai th\n do/can *pla/twn e)n tw=| *sofisth=|, dianoi/as le/gwn a)poteleu/thsin, th=s ga\r dianoi/as sullogisame/nhs, o(/ti a)qa/natos h( yuxh/, to\ sumpe/rasma mo/non oi)=den h( do/ca. dianoi/as de/ e)sti to\ oi(=on o(do/n tina dianu/ein metabai/nousan a)po\ prota/sews ei)s sumpe/rasma: e)c ou(= kai\ th\n klh=sin ei(/lkusen.
For this headword see also delta 1362, delta 1364, delta 1365. The present entry derives from John Philoponus, Commentary on Aristotle's de anima 1.11 - 2.3.
[1] Plato, Sophist 264A-B.
Keywords: definition; philosophy; rhetoric
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 10 December 1999@10:05:33.
Vetted by:
Svetla Slaveva on 31 January 2000@23:48:18.
David Whitehead (added note; cosmetics) on 24 December 2002@07:33:52.
David Whitehead (augmented notes) on 16 July 2012@07:27:10.
David Whitehead (coding) on 13 November 2015@04:25:37.
Ronald Allen (typo primary note) on 29 December 2020@16:42:14.


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